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Clinical trial information and results are updated daily from ClinicalTrials.gov. The latest data update was conducted on 03/08/2021.

Len/Dex/DLI in Relapsed Multiple Myeloma After Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant

Clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT03413800

Recruitment Status Recruiting

First Posted January 29, 2018

Last update posted January 27, 2021

Study Description

Brief summary:

Multiple Myeloma (MM) is a morbid disease which can only be cured with an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). Approximately 50% of allotransplanted patients will relapse, with a median survival of 5 years. Better approaches to improve disease control at relapse, while decreasing toxicity, are urgently needed. Relapse after allogeneic transplant is a failure of the graft versus MM effect (GvMM). DLIs can be used to control disease following relapse, but the optimal dose, schedule of administration and drug association remain elusive, while the immunosuppression found in MM patients can compromise their effect. One reason for immunotherapy failure relates to the immunological environment: as much as myeloma cells depend on their microenvironment to survive and proliferate, the immunotherapeutic effect of allogeneic HSCT depends on both systemic and local immunological status to be efficacious. Immunomodulatory drugs such as Lenalidomide (Len) have been tried in various settings after allogeneic transplantation with the aim to reverse immunosuppression and stimulate the GvMM, but if and how Len influences a GvMM and thereby promotes an immunotherapeutic success remained uncharacterized. Therefore, a deeper understanding of the immunological environment in MM patients is needed in order to establish and / or restore a potent GvMM effect. This study proposes the powerful combination of the two following goals, one clinical and one biological : 1. Clinical: The investigators propose a two-step treatment using first Len in association with Dexamethasone (Dex), followed by Donor Leukocytes Infusions (DLIs) to offer an optimal disease control strategy in relapsed patients. The cytoreductive and immunomodulatory effects of Len is expected to induce a permissive immunological environment for the immunotherapeutic activity of DLIs to develop, while the association with Dex will lessen the risk of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). This treatment combination has the potential to further improve depth of myeloma response, delay myeloma progression and improve patient survival. 2. Biological: In an attempt to gain knowledge on how the GvMM behaves in MM patients post-relapse after having received a combined treatment of Len/Dex/DLIs, the investigators propose to characterize the immune environment of their bone marrow (BM) using both minimal residual disease (MRD) assessement by flow cytometry and an unbiased analysis of the transcriptome at various time points.

  • Condition or Disease:Relapsed Hematologic Malignancy
    Multiple Myeloma
  • Intervention/Treatment: Drug: Lenalidomide-Dexamethasone-DLI
  • Phase: Phase 2
Detailed Description

Myeloma patients in first relapse after sibling or unrelated donor allogeneic transplant willing to participate in this study will be screened for eligibility. 1. After baseline evaluation including BM aspirate for plasma cell count, minimal residual disease using 8-color multiparameter flow cytometry, transcriptome sequencing and a positron emission tomography (PET scan), patients will receive Len- Dex daily x 21 days with Dex 40 mg once weekly for a total of 6 cycles of 28 days each 2. Patients will then be evaluated clinically for acute and chronic GVHD before each cycle and a PET scan will be performed at the end of Len/Dex treatment 3. Sibling and unrelated donor transplant recipients will receive 3 DLIs 4. Disease and immune evaluation using serum and urine electrophoresis/immunofixation in addition to measurement of serum-free light chains, BM aspirate for plasma cell count and minimal residual disease using 8-color multiparameter flow cytometry, transcriptome sequencing and a PET scan will be performed 1. A BM aspirate will be performed before each DLI for plasma cell count, MRD evaluation by flow cytometry and transcriptome sequencing 2. Patients will be followed with a BM aspirate every 3 months x 1 year, then yearly and at progression for plasma cell count and evaluation 3. Transcriptome sequencing will be done on BM aspirates at time of relapse, after Len/Dex cycles, 6m, 12m, 18m and 24m after the last-DLI. 4. A PET scan will be performed after the last DLI and at progression.

Study Design
  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Estimated Enrollment: 15 participants
  • Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
  • Masking: None (Open Label) ()
  • Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Official Title: A Phase II, Open-label Study of Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone Followed by Donor Lymphocyte Infusions in Relapsed Multiple Myeloma Following Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant
  • Actual Study Start Date: February 2018
  • Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2022
  • Estimated Study Completion Date: January 2024
Arms and interventions
Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Lenalidomide-Dexamethasone-DLI
Patients will receive Len (10 mg in the presence of ≤ grade I acute GVHD or absence of chronic GVHD; 5 mg in presence of controlled mild or moderate chronic GVHD) daily x 21 days with Dex 40 mg once weekly for a total of 6 cycles of 28 days each For grade ≥III non hematologic or grade IV hematologic toxicity, Len can be reduced to 5 mg In absence of these toxicities, acute GVHD (using Glucksberg modified criteria) or severe chronic GVHD (using NIH criteria), Len dose can be increased by 5 mg per cycle to a maximum of 25 mg If eligibility is confirmed, sibling and unrelated donor transplant recipients will both receive 3 donor lymphocyte infusions (DLIs) at the following doses: 5 x 106 CD3+/kg; 1 x 107 CD3+/kg; 5 x 107 CD3+/kg Patient will be followed for 5 years post relapse.
Drug: Lenalidomide-Dexamethasone-DLI
Lenalidomide (Len) and Dexamethasone (Dex) for 6 months followed by three donor lymphocyte infusions (DLIs)
Outcome Measures
  • Primary Outcome Measures: 1. Efficacy of Len-Dex-DLI in patients with relapsed myeloma measured by progression-free survival [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    To determine the as efficacy of Len and Dex followed by DLIs, measured by progression-free survival at 2 years after the last DLI
  • Secondary Outcome Measures: 1. Incidence of grade ≥III non hematologic toxicity and incidence of grade ≥IV hematologic toxicity [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Patients will be evaluated according to protocol and adverse events will be monitored continuously, documented and collected in database
  • 2. Incidence of acute GVHD [ Time Frame: 1 years ]
    GVHD will be evaluated according to protocol, documented and collected in database. Analysis will be done by cumulative incidence.
  • 3. Incidence of chronic GVHD [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    GVHD will be evaluated according to protocol, documented and collected in database. Analysis will be done by cumulative incidence.
  • 4. Maximum grades of acute and chronic GVHD [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    GVHD will be evaluated according to protocol, documented and collected in database
  • 5. Response to treatment [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) response after Len/Dex and after DLIs, best response achieved
  • 6. Non-relapse mortality after DLIs [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Analysis by cumulative incidence
  • 7. Overall survival at 2 years [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Kaplan Meier analysis
  • 8. Incidence of progression at 2 years [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Kaplan Meier analysis
  • 9. Disease status assessment by flow cytometry [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    BM evaluation of minimal residual disease (MRD) by multiparametric flow cytometry (MFC) analysis
  • 10. Disease status assessment by PET scan [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Evaluation of extramedullary disease by positron emission tomography (PET) scan
  • 11. Evaluation of quality of life (QoL) during treatment [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    QoL questionnaire will be given to patients according to protocol
  • 12. Evaluation of the BM microenvironment by transcriptome analysis before and after treatments [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Both mononucleated celles and extracellular compartment will be analyzed by RNAseq
Eligibility Criteria
  • Ages Eligible for Study: 18 to 65 Years (Adult, Older Adult)
  • Sexes Eligible for Study: All
  • Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Age 18-65 years

2. Myeloma patients in first relapse after a sibling or unrelated allogeneic stem cell

3. Patients with measurable disease at time of relapse based on the IMWG criteria

4. All study participants must comply with the Revlimid Pregnancy Prevention Plan.

5. Females of reproductive potential must adhere to the scheduled pregnancy testing as
required in the Revlimid Pregnancy Prevention Plan.

Exclusion Criteria:

6. Relapse occurred within 180 days post allograft

7. Refractory to Len at any given time before allogeneic transplantation

8. Presence of ≥ grade II or uncontrolled acute GVHD

9. Presence of severe or uncontrolled chronic GVHD

10. Karnofsky score 50 μmol/L unless felt to be related to Gilbert's disease or hemolysis; AST
and ALT > 5 x upper limit of normal (ULN); alkaline phosphatase > 5 x ULN

12. Known hypersensitivity to Len or Dex

13. Active infection with any of the following viruses: HIV, HTLV-1 or 2, hepatitis B
(defined as HBsAg positivity) or hepatitis C (defined as anti-HCV positivity or
HCV-RNA positivity)

14. Presence of another malignancy with an expected survival estimated < 75% at 5 years (complete resection of basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma, complete resection of a ductal carcinoma in situ, presence of lobular carcinoma in situ, complete resection of carcinoma in situ of the cervix, or an in situ or low-risk prostate cancer after curative therapy are not exclusion criteria) 15. Positive beta-human chorionic gonadotropin pregnancy test, to be performed in all women of childbearing potential at screening and baseline. Female study participants who are surgically sterile (hysterectomy) or who have been postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months are automatically eligible for this criterion 16. Females of child-bearing potential not agreeing to remain abstinent or to use 2 simultaneous effective methods of contraception from at least 4 weeks before, to at least 4 weeks following discontinuation of Len. Males not agreeing to use a condom during any sexual contact with females of child-bearing potential from at least 4 weeks before, to at least 4 weeks following discontinuation of Len 17. Women who are lactating 18. Female of child-bearing potential who are planning to become pregnant while enrolled in this study up to 4 weeks after the last Len dose 19. Participation in a trial with an investigational agent within 30 days prior to entry in the study 20. Inability to provide written informed consent prior to initiation of any study-related procedures, or inability, in the opinion of investigators, to comply with all requirements of the study 21. Estimated probability to survive less than 6 months after initiation of Len and Dex 22. Current history of drug and/or alcohol abuse 23. Any abnormal condition or laboratory result that is considered by investigators capable of altering patient's condition, compliance or study outcome 24. Any patient who, in the opinion of investigators, should not participate in this study 25. Having received allogeneic stem cell transplantation in relapse after autologous transplant. 26. Having received Len therapy after allogeneic transplant, before relapse 27. Poor organ function defined as either: diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide corrected for hemoglobin using Dinakara method (DLCOc) < 50%; forced expiratory volume in 1 second < 50%; left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 40% evaluated by echocardiogram or multi-gated acquisition scan (MUGA); uncontrolled arrhythmia; symptomatic cardiac disease; creatinine clearance < 30 mL/minute; liver cirrhosis

Contacts and Locations

Contact: Jean Roy, MD 514-252-3400 jroy.hmr@ssss.gouv.qc.ca

Contact: Hocine Ait Hamouda, MSc 514-252-3400 ext 3609 hocine.ait.hamouda.cemtl@ssss.gouv.qc.ca


Canada, Quebec
CIUSSS de l'Est-de-l'île-de-Montréal, Installation Hôpital Maisonneuve Rosemond

Sponsors and Collaborators

Ciusss de L'Est de l'Île de Montréal


Centre de Commercialisation en Immunothérapie du Cancer


Principal Investigator: Jean Roy, MD Ciusss de L'Est de l'Île de Montréal

More Information
  • Responsible Party: Ciusss de L'Est de l'Île de Montréal
  • ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03413800 History of Changes
  • Other Study ID Numbers: HMR003
  • First Posted: January 29, 2018 Key Record Dates
  • Last Update Posted: January 27, 2021
  • Last Verified: January 2021
  • Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
  • Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
  • Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
  • Keywords provided by Ciusss de L'Est de l'Île de Montréal: hematopoietic stem cell transplant
  • Additional relevant MeSH terms: Multiple Myeloma
    Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
    Hematologic Neoplasms