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Clinical trial information and results are updated daily from ClinicalTrials.gov. The latest data update was conducted on 01/25/2021.

Parent's Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Towards Oral Health of Their Children With Primary Dentition: A Cross-sectional Study

Clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT03919903

Recruitment Status Not yet recruiting

First Posted April 18, 2019

Last update posted July 24, 2019

Study Description

Brief summary:

Study aims to assess Parents Knowledge, Attitude and Practices towards Oral Health of their Children with Primary Teeth.

  • Condition or Disease:Oral Health Knowledge
  • Intervention/Treatment:
  • Phase: N/A
Detailed Description

Dental caries is a chronic slowly progressing localized destruction of dental hard tissues by the acidic products formed as result of carbohydrates fermentation by bacteria due to disturbance in equilibrium between tooth minerals and plaque products through time. (Trindade et al., 2014) It's a worldwide disease affecting all ages both sexes with different socioeconomic levels. Dental caries commonly affects children and adversely affects their quality of life and so their weight and growth if left untreated (Gokhale and Nuvvula, 2015). The environmental factor is a very valuable factor affecting dental caries especially the mother and the family as whole, the family habits are directly influencing their children (Suma G and Anisha P, 2017). As parents are the primary decision makers for children and their first role models, their oral health knowledge, attitude and practice as well as habits influence their children (Dikshit et al., 2018). There is lack of data about parent's oral health knowledge, attitude and practice and their implications on their children in Egypt. Acquiring information about oral health knowledge of parents, will help identifying those children who are at risk of dental caries consequently it will be possible to offer the proper preventive and curative measures for them. So, we need to know the effect of oral health knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of parents on caries prevalence of their children.

Study Design
  • Study Type: Observational
  • Estimated Enrollment: 301 participants
  • Observational Model: Other
  • Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
  • Official Title: Parent's Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Towards Oral Health of Their Children With Primary Dentition: A Cross-sectional Study
  • Estimated Study Start Date: August 2019
  • Estimated Primary Completion Date: June 2020
  • Estimated Study Completion Date: July 2020
Outcome Measures
  • Primary Outcome Measures: 1. Parents Oral Health Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) [ Time Frame: one year ]
    Questionnaire is the measurement tool for the primary outcome, questionnaires will be admitted to the parents in the waiting area of the diagnostic clinic of Pediatric dentistry and Dental Public Health Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University.The questionnaire consists of 28 questions; 10 related to knowledge, 6 to attitude, 8 to practice and 4 general questions. The response will be assessed by using a scoring system, where scores are based on correct answers. For the knowledge and practice items, the right answer is coded as 1 and the wrong answer as 0. For attitude items score 1 indicates a positive attitude, while score 0 indicates a negative attitude. The individual scores will then be summed up to yield a total score. Maximum possible score will be 10, 6 and 8 for KAP respectively. Mean Score of <40% and≥ 40 % are considered as inadequate and adequate performance respectively. (Dikshit et al., 2018) The questionnaire was translated in Arabic language.
  • Secondary Outcome Measures: 1. Caries Prevalence in their children [ Time Frame: one year ]
    Caries Prevalence in the children will be assessed by clinical examination. Examination will be performed at the diagnostic clinic of the Pediatric dentistry department, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University. Patient assessment chart will be used for recording the oral assessment data. The oral assessment of every child will be done by a single operator under good lighting condition using mouth mirror and probe to detect the presence of carious (whether smooth or pits and fissure caries), missed (extracted) and filled teeth (Cypriano et al., 2005).
Eligibility Criteria
  • Ages Eligible for Study: 1 to 8 Year (Child)
  • Sexes Eligible for Study: All
  • Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
  • Sampling Method: Non-Probability Sample
  • Study Population: Parents of children with primary dentition
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- Healthy children and their parents.

- Children with primary dentition.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Parents refuse to participate.

Contacts and Locations
Contacts

Contact: Mennatallah Ahmed, Bachelors degree 00201009230087 new_dentist2011@hotmail.com

Contact: Soad Abdel Moneim, Associate Professor 00201005654355 soadabdelmoniem@yahoo.com

Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators

Cairo University

More Information
  • Responsible Party: Cairo University
  • ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03919903 History of Changes
  • Other Study ID Numbers: Parent's Oral Health Knowledge
  • First Posted: April 18, 2019 Key Record Dates
  • Last Update Posted: July 24, 2019
  • Last Verified: July 2019
  • Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
  • Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No