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Currently, you can access the following clinical trials being conducted worldwide:
Clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT03920306
Recruitment Status Recruiting
First Posted April 18, 2019
Last update posted April 18, 2019
Gastrostomy tube placement is a common surgery, and involves placing a tube from the child's skin to the inside of their stomach, allowing an alternative route for nutrition and medication to patients who cannot tolerate oral intake. A common complication of gastrostomy tubes is the development of a persistent connection between the stomach and skin after their removal. This is called a gastrocutaneous fistula (GCF). Non-surgical options have shown some success in eliminating the need for surgery to close these fistulae. Their true efficacy is unknown however; this study evaluates a non-surgical intervention bundle in the prevention and treatment of GCFs.
Purpose:To compare the efficacy of a non-surgical intervention bundle for the prevention and treatment of persistent gastrocutaneous fistulae. Hypothesis: The investigators hypothesize that the bundled delivery of 3 non-surgical interventions will reduce the development of GCFs and subsequently the need for surgical closure as compared to an established historical control group. Justification: Persistent gastrocutaneous fistulae are common complications after gastrostomy tube removal (33%), with the current gold-standard treatment being operative intervention; exposing the child to the risks of anesthesia and surgery. Several non-surgical treatments exist, and have shown promise in small retrospective studies, however their true efficacy is yet to be elucidated through a prospective trial. Non-surgical treatment options include the use of proton-pump inhibitors, topical fibrin glue, silver nitrate application, and collagen plugging. As standard of care, patients may receive one, none or a combination of these non-surgical treatments based on clinician decision. Objectives: The objective of this study is to prospectively evaluate the efficacy of a bundled delivery of non-surgical adjuncts immediately after gastrostomy tube removal and compare outcomes to the historical rate of GCF development. Research Design: This study is a prospective observational "pre-post" study, which will compare our intervention arm (non-surgical intervention bundle) with a recently established historical control group (completed systematic review of all reported cases). Baseline data will be entered at the time of enrollment. Assessment of our primary outcome (rate of GCF one month after treatment) and secondary outcomes (including an estimate of treatment cost, complications, treatment satisfaction, and need for further interventions) will be made at standard 2 and 4 week follow-up visits. Statistical Analysis: Standardized quantitative hypothesis testing will be performed for the primary outcome with the aid of a local biostatistician. Power analysis has been established based on a 50% reduction in GCF development, with a sample size of 100 subjects. Secondary outcomes will be tabulated and subjected to quantitative or qualitative assessment as appropriate.
Drug administration for the experimental arm includes: AgNO3 applied to the fistula tract. A topical adhesive of either 2-Octylcyanoacrylate glue (Dermabond), or Fibrin glue, or Histoacryl glue (Tissue Seal), will be applied over the fistula's aperture. Oral anti-reflux therapy of either Pantoprazole 20-40mg PO OD, or Ranitidine 5-10mg/kg/day PO divided twice daily or 150mg PO BID, for either 4 weeks or until gastrocutaneous fistula tract closure, whichever comes first.
Drug: oral anti-acid treatment
This study investigates a bundle of three commonly used treatments
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, , Learn About Clinical Studies.-->
- Eligible for gastrostomy tube removal
- Recurrent gastrocutaneous fistula
- Unable to comply with follow up assessments
- Known allergic reaction to study products
Contact: Robert Baird, MDCM 6048752667 email@example.com
Contact: Christine Adamson 604-875-7720 firstname.lastname@example.org
Canada, British Columbia
BC Children's Hospital
University of British Columbia
Montreal Children's Hospital of the MUHC
St. Justine's Hospital
University of Saskatchewan
St-Louis E, Safa N, Guadagno E, Baird R. Gastrocutaneous fistulae in children - A systematic review and meta-analysis of epidemiology and treatment options. J Pediatr Surg. 2018 May;53(5):946-958. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2018.02.022. Epub 2018 Feb 8. Review.