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Currently, you can access the following clinical trials being conducted worldwide:
Clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT03923439
Recruitment Status Recruiting
First Posted April 22, 2019
Last update posted December 20, 2019
This study will include 100 stroke patients with significant penumbra at the acute stage and successfully recanalized thanks to thrombectomy, intravenous thrombolysis or spontaneously. Patients will be explored with the multi-b diffusion sequence on a new 3T research magnet equipped with high gradient system. In this project the investigators hypothesize that diffusion MRI at high and ultra-high b-values could be sensitive enough to quantify selective neuronal loss in the rescued penumbra and to study its relationship with the initial hypoperfusion and its impact in terms of clinical recovery.
Thrombectomy has significantly improved the outcome of stroke patients. However, even after successful recanalization residual handicap including post-stroke cognitive and mood disorders impact the quality of life of patients. These symptoms correlate only moderately with the final stroke volume suggesting more widespread dysfunction than what is apparent on standard follow-up MRI. One hypothesis is that the rescued penumbra (i.e.; the tissue showing significant hypoperfusion at the acute stage but that appears normal on conventional imaging at follow up) could exhibit incomplete ischemic injury also known under the term of selective neuronal loss. The concept of selective neuronal loss in the rescued penumbra is admitted based on histological, animal and PET studies but the identification of such a graduation between pan-necrosis and normal tissue is very challenging to capture in vivo with MRI and is typically missed. This study will prospectively include 100 stroke patients. Patients admitted with significant penumbra at the acute stage and successfully recanalized thanks to thrombectomy thrombolysis or spontaneously will be explored at 24h-to-72h and then at 3 months with the multi-b diffusion sequence. The investigators expect to be able to measure significant modifications within the rescued penumbra as compared to contralateral normal brain by using the advanced but also the simplified diffusion metrics. Investigators will test the impact of duration/severity of the initial hypoperfusion and they will explore the clinical relevance especially in terms of cognitive and mood disorders as measured at 3 months.
|Experimental: MRI protocol
For stroke patients, the follow-up MRI (named MRI-2) after successfully recanalized thanks to thrombectomy, intravenous thrombolysis or spontaneously, will be performed between 24h and 72h after recanalization on our new Canon 3T research magnet with high gradient system. Patients will be explored for a follow-up evaluation at 3 months with a final MRI (named MRI-3) that will be performed on the Canon 3T research magnet.
Device: Multi-b diffusion sequence MRI
Patients will be explored with the multi-b diffusion sequence on a new 3T research magnet equipped with high gradient system.
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, , Learn About Clinical Studies.-->
- Patients older than 18 years old
- Cerebral infarct or cerebral hypoperfusion with neurological symptoms within the
- Due to occlusion or stenosis of intracranial carotid artery or its branches and/or
middle cerebral artery (MCA) and/or anterior cerebral artery.
- With acute MRI performed within the first 24h and showing significant penumbra defined
as ratio between the volumes of critically hypoperfused tissue (defined by Tmax>6s)
and the ischemic core (defined by ADC<600 × 10-6 mm2/s) of 1.8 or more, with an absolute difference of 15 mL or more and ischemic core volume of less than 70 mL. - Successful recanalization by thrombectomy (TICI 2b or 2c or 3) and/or by IV thrombolysis (if within the first 4.5h) or spontaneously. - Patient/Legally Authorized Representative has signed the Informed Consent form. Exclusion Criteria: - History of symptomatic cerebral infarct with functional deficit (pre-stroke modified Rankin Scale score ≥1) to measure the impact of the infarct and selective neuronal loss on long-term outcome without being biased by pre-existing deficits. - History of severe cognitive impairment (dementia) or DSMIV axis 1 psychiatric disorders that would confound the neurological evaluations. - Pregnant or breast-feeding women. - Contraindications to MRI.
Contact: Thomas TOURDIAS, Pr 05.56.79.56.04 firstname.lastname@example.org
CHU de Bordeaux
University Hospital, Bordeaux