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Clinical trial information and results are updated daily from ClinicalTrials.gov. The latest data update was conducted on 06/14/2021.
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Clinical trial information and results are updated daily from ClinicalTrials.gov. The latest data update was conducted on 06/14/2021.

Decorin in Sub Scleral Trabeculectomy

Clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT03924544

Recruitment Status Not yet recruiting

First Posted April 23, 2019

Last update posted April 23, 2019

Study Description

Brief summary:

This is a prospective, single-center, interventional, randomized controlled study comparing Decorin as antifibrotic agent in sub scleral trabeculectomy versus Mitomycin.

  • Condition or Disease:Primary Open-angle Glaucoma
  • Intervention/Treatment: Drug: Decorin
    Drug: Mitomycin c
  • Phase: Phase 1
Detailed Description

Study design: This is a prospective, single-center, interventional, randomized controlled study at Kasr Al Aini Teaching Hospital, Cairo University. Patients with medically uncontrolled glaucoma will be enrolled in our study. Fifty two consecutive eyes with Primary Open-angle Glaucoma indicated for trabeculectomy will be enrolled in the current study and will be then randomly assigned to our interventions. Informed consent will be obtained from all patients before any intervention. Uncontrolled glaucoma was defined as uncontrolled IOP (≥22 mm Hg) measured with a Goldmann applanation tonometer under maximal tolerable medical treatment with visual field defect progression. Exclusion criteria will include patients with history of intraocular surgery within the previous 6 months, patients with history of surgery involving the conjunctiva, angle closure glaucoma, and patient refusal to take part in the study. Data Collected: Preoperative: Preoperative information that will be collected will include the patient's age, sex, previous ocular procedures, number of glaucoma medications, last recorded intraocular pressure (IOP), ocular comorbidity, and best corrected visual acuity (VA). Adjuvant Decorin: Recombinant human decorin will be provided by the manufacturing company (R&D Systems, Inc., Minneapolis, MN, USA) reconstituted in a vial at 0.4% concentration using phosphate-buffered saline as a vehicle. Surgical Procedure: In Decorin group: 26 patients will receive subconjunctival injection of 100 µg decorin 15 minutes before surgery. A30-gauge needle was used to inject 100 µL of decorin. The needle was placed at the nasal margin of the superior rectus muscle, so that a visible bleb was formed on the supranasal quadrant. A corneal traction suture will be taken, followed by fornix-based conjunctival dissection and gentle diathermy. Mitomycin Group: MMC will then be applied in 26 patients to the sclera at a concentration of 0.3 mg/ml using cellulose sponges, which will be removed after 3 minutes followed by copious irrigation with balanced saline solution (BSS). A half to three-quarter thickness, rectangular scleral flap will be dissected. Four grooves will be created into clear cornea near the limbus to accommodate the releasable sutures then two preplaced releasable sutures will be taken at the corners of the scleral flap using 10/0 nylon sutures. The corneal traction will then be released and the trabeculectomy ostium will be created using a 0.75 mm Kelly's punch (Katena Products Inc., Denville, NJ) followed by a peripheral iridectomy (PI). The two releasable sutures will be tied, and BSS was used to form the anterior chamber. More releasable sutures will be taken in the middle of the scleral flap until watertight closure is achieved. The conjunctival incision will then be closed by 2 purse string sutures at the sides and one mattress suture at the limbus, using 10/0 nylon sutures. Topical prednisolone 1% eyedrops will be used every 2 hours for 2 weeks, 6 times daily for 2 weeks, then tapered gradually over the following 2 months. Topical moxifloxacin 0.5% will be given 5 times daily for 2 weeks. In Decorin group: postoperative days 1, 3, and 7, patients will receive subconjunctival injection of decorin. A30-gauge needle was used to inject 100 µL of decorin at the nasal margin of the superior rectus muscle. Postoperative: Patients will be seen after 1 day, 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 9 months and 12 months, with more frequent visits in uncontrolled or complicated cases. IOP and visual acuity measurements will be recorded every visit. Any complications of surgery will be reported. Primary outcome measure is success of trabeculectomy defined as complete if the IOPis≤ 21 mm Hg without medications and qualified where antiglaucoma therapy is required to maintain it at such a level. Failure will be defined as an IOP> 21 mmHg on medications, need for another glaucoma surgery or loss of light perception. .

Study Design
  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Estimated Enrollment: 52 participants
  • Allocation: Randomized
  • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
  • Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
  • Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Official Title: Decorin as an Antifibrotic Agent in Sub Scleral Trabeculectomy: A Pilot Study
  • Estimated Study Start Date: September 2019
  • Estimated Primary Completion Date: September 2021
  • Estimated Study Completion Date: January 2022
Arms and interventions
Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Decorin Group
26 patients will receive subconjunctival injection of 100 µg decorin 15 minutes before surgery, 1, 3, and 7postoperatively. A30-gauge needle was used to inject 100 µL of decorin. The needle was placed at the nasal margin of the superior rectus muscle
Drug: Decorin
Antifibrotic agent
Active Comparator: Mitomycin Group
MMC will then be applied in 26 patients to the sclera at a concentration of 0.3 mg/ml using cellulose sponges, which will be removed after 3 minutes followed by copious irrigation with balanced saline solution (BSS).
Drug: Mitomycin c
Antifibrotic agent
Outcome Measures
  • Primary Outcome Measures: 1. success of trabeculectomy [ Time Frame: one year ]
    complete if the IOPis≤ 21 mm Hg without medications
Eligibility Criteria
  • Ages Eligible for Study: 18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)
  • Sexes Eligible for Study: All
  • Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- Primary Open Angle Glaucoma

Exclusion Criteria:

- Secondary Glaucoma, Closed angle glaucoma

Contacts and Locations
Contacts
Locations

Egypt
Cairo University
Cairo

Sponsors and Collaborators

Cairo University

University of Luebeck