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Clinical trial information and results are updated daily from ClinicalTrials.gov. The latest data update was conducted on 01/22/2021.

The Effectiveness of a Relaxation Technique on the Quality of Life and Symptoms in People Living With HIV

Clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT03924921

Recruitment Status Completed

First Posted April 23, 2019

Last update posted September 11, 2019

Study Description

Brief summary:

Quality of life of people living with HIV is strongly affected by the presence of one or more symptoms, such as sleep problems, fatigue, muscle pain, anxiety and depressive symptoms. Autogenic training has shown positive effects on these symptoms in different populations, but there is very little evidence on the effects of this relaxation technique in people living with HIV.

  • Condition or Disease:HIV
  • Intervention/Treatment: Other: autogenic training
  • Phase: N/A
Detailed Description

The aim of this project is to evaluate the effectiveness of a relaxation technique, autogenic training, on the quality of life and the physical and psychological symptoms in people living with HIV.

Study Design
  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Actual Enrollment: 62 participants
  • Allocation: Randomized
  • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
  • Masking: Triple (Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
  • Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
  • Official Title: The Effectiveness of a Relaxation Technique on the Quality of Life and Symptoms in People Living With HIV
  • Actual Study Start Date: April 2015
  • Actual Primary Completion Date: June 2018
  • Actual Study Completion Date: December 2018
Arms and interventions
Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: autogenic training
Autogenic training
Other: autogenic training
autogenic training
Experimental: wait list
usual care for 6 months Autogenic training after 6 months
Other: autogenic training
autogenic training
Outcome Measures
  • Primary Outcome Measures: 1. Patient-Reported Outcomes Quality of Life-human immunodeficiency virus (PROQOL-HIV) [ Time Frame: 3 and 6 months ]
    The PROQOL-HIV questionnaire is composed of 43 Likert-type items (5-point scale ranging from 0=never to 4=always), including 39 items targeting 8 domains of HRQL and general health: physical health and symptoms (9 items), treatment impact (10 items), emotional distress (4 items), health concerns (4 items), body change (4 items), intimate relationships (3 items), social relationships (2 items), and stigma (2 items). Four extra items dealing with religious beliefs, finance, having children, and satisfaction with care are not part of the scoring scheme, but are used to gather additional information from the respondent. Responses to items will be totaled for each dimension and standardized on a scale from 0 to 100 points, in which higher values indicate a better health state.
  • Secondary Outcome Measures: 1. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) [ Time Frame: 3 and 6 months ]
    Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) is a self-report questionnaire that assesses sleep quality and quantity. The19-item self-report questionnaire yields 7 component scores: subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, duration, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep disturbances, use of sleeping medication, and daytime dysfunction each weighted equally on a 0-3 scale. The seven component scores are then summed to yield a global PSQI score, which has a range of 0-21; higher scores indicate worse sleep quality.
  • 2. Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) [ Time Frame: 3 and 6 months ]
    Fatigue severity scale (FSS) is a 9-items instrument with seven items related to fatigue interference, one item related to the experience of fatigue itself and one item about what causes fatigue. Each item is scored on a 7-point Likert scale ranging from 1 (''strongly disagree'') to 7 (''strongly agree''). The mean score of the 9 items is used to estimate fatigue severity.
  • 3. Brief Pain Inventory [ Time Frame: 3 and 6 months ]
    Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) is a two-factor instrument that measures pain severity and pain interference. The pain severity factor has four items, all rated on a 0 ''No pain'' to 10 ''Pain as bad as you can imagine'' Likert scale. The pain interference factor has seven items, all rated on a 0 ''Does not interfere'' to 10 ''Interferes completely'' Likert scale. Arithmetic mean of the four severity items can be used as measures of pain severity; the arithmetic mean of the seven interference items can be used as a measure of pain interference
  • 4. State -Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) [ Time Frame: 3 and 6 months ]
    State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) is a 40-items instrument that measures state anxiety and trait anxiety. Each type of anxiety has its own scale of 20 different questions that are scored on a 4-point Likert scale ranging from 1 "Almost never" to 4 "Almost always". Scores range from 20 to 80, with higher scores correlating with greater anxiety.
  • 5. PHQ-9 [ Time Frame: 3 and 6 months ]
    Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) is a 9-item instrument that measure depressive symptoms severity. PhQ-9 score ranges from 0 to 27, because each of the 9 items can be scores from 0 "not at all" to 3 "nearly every day". Higher scores indicate higher severity.
Eligibility Criteria
  • Ages Eligible for Study: 18 to 99 Years (Adult, Older Adult)
  • Sexes Eligible for Study: All
  • Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No

Inclusion Criteria:

- Being older than 18 ;

- have a diagnosis of HIV;

- present at least one of the following symptoms during the preceding two weeks: sleep
problems, fatigue, pain, anxiety or symptoms of depression;

- understand and speak French and;

- be able to follow the instructions to learn the relaxation technique.

Exclusion Criteria:


Contacts and Locations

Canada, Quebec

Canada, Quebec

Sponsors and Collaborators

Université de Montréal

Fonds de la Recherche en Santé du Québec


Principal Investigator: Pilar Ramirez-Garcia, PhD Université de Montréal

More Information
  • Responsible Party: Université de Montréal
  • ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03924921 History of Changes
  • Other Study ID Numbers: 2016-5940:PRG
  • First Posted: April 23, 2019 Key Record Dates
  • Last Update Posted: September 11, 2019
  • Last Verified: April 2019
  • Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
  • Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
  • Keywords provided by Université de Montréal: relaxation
    sleep problems
    quality of life