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Currently, you can access the following clinical trials being conducted worldwide:
Clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT03925753
Recruitment Status Recruiting
First Posted April 24, 2019
Last update posted April 26, 2019
One recent study demonstrated impaired autophagy in patients receiving hemodialysis (HD). To clarify whether this alteration is related to the inflammatory state in HD patients, we focused on basal autophagy in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of HD patients with and without inflammation and controls. PBMCs were harvested using Ficoll density gradient centrifugation . Levels of the autophagy‑associated proteins ubiquitin‑binding protein p62 (p62), microtubule‑associated proteins 1A/1B light chain 3A (LC3I/II) and beclin‑1 in PBMCs will be detected by western blotting. Enzyme‑linked immunosorbent assay kits will be used to detect the serum concentrations of interleukin (IL)‑6, liposaccharide-binding protein (LBP) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)‑α.
Study Design and Population Study Design We shall enroll 30 healthy volunteers as the control group. 180 sex- and age-matched hemodialysis patients will be enrolled in this study. To be included in the study, patients have to be at least 20-years-old and on outpatient hemodialysis (HD) for at least 3 months. Patients are excluded if they had malignancy, severe liver disease (bilirubin >1.6 mg/dl), uncontrolled hypertension, severe obesity (BMI >35), currently on carbamazepine, statins or immunosuppressive agents. The medical record is thoroughly reviewed for each subject by a collaborating physician in the study. All subjects will provide written informed consent to participate and the protocol will be send to the institutional review boards of Tungs' Taichung Metroharbour Hospital Study Parameters Predialysis blood samples are obtained on a mid-week day. Within 30 min after sampling, the remaining blood is centrifuged at 3,000 g for 10 min, immediately aliquoted and frozen at -80°C until further analysis. Cytokine assays The following markers of inflammation and hemostasis are determined by ELISA in patients' sera: interleukin-6 (Quantikine, R&D Systems,) and plasma concentrations of CRP in a highly sensitive assay (hsCRP). Analysis of lipids/lipoproteins Total cholesterol, highdensity lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and triglyceride concentrations are determined enzymatically. Plasma glucose is measured by a glucose-oxidase method. Measurements of Liposaccharide-binding protein (LBP) The LBP was determined from serum samples and controls using standardized enzymelinked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) methods, and serum from normal control subjects was used for interassay variation. Isolation of PBMCs Ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid Vacutainer™ tubes are used to collect venous blood samples (10 ml) from fasting participants in the early morning. Aliquots of the supernatant are collected by centrifugation at 800 x g and 25˚C for 15 min and subsequently store at ‑80˚C. The remaining blood is mixed and add slowly dropwise to a centrifuge tube containing 10 ml of Ficoll separation medium. PBMCs are isolated according to manufacturer's protocol and store at ‑80˚C. Western blotting PBMCs are lysed with RIPA lysis buffer and protein concentrations determined with the BCA Protein Assay kit according to the manufacturer's protocol. Subsequently, 20 μg of protein/well are separated using 12% SDS‑PAGE. The proteins are subsequently transferred to nitrocellulose membranes at 300 mA for 60 min. The nitrocellulose membranes are blocked with Tris‑buffered saline containing 0.1% Tween 20 (TBST) and 5% non‑fat milk powder for 2 h at room temperature. The nitrocellulose membranes are incubated with primary antibodies overnight at 4˚C on a shaker set at a slow speed. The nitrocellulose membranes are washed thrice with TBST and incubated with secondary antibodies for 1 h at room temperature. After washing thrice, ECL substrate is added to the nitrocellulose membrane. The signal is detected using Image Lab™ software and band density will be quantified with imager software . The primary antibodies against microtubule‑associated proteins 1A/1B light chain 3A , ubiquitin‑binding protein p62 and beclin‑1 as well as GAPDH will be purchased. Peroxidase‑conjugated goat anti‑mouse and goat anti‑rabbit secondary antibodies are used.
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, , Learn About Clinical Studies.-->
- Both sexes aged between 20-90 years.
- Received stable hemodialysis at least 3 months.
- Written informed consent.
- patients with severe infections, severe heart disease and liver disease, malignancy,
autoimmune disorders, severe malnutrition, or clinical conditions requiring oral
- Inability to follow protocol.
- Pregnancy or wishing/trying to get pregnant
Contact: Paik Seong Lim, PhD +886935045292 email@example.com
Tungs' Taichung MetroHarbour Hospital
Tungs’ Taichung Metroharbour Hospital
Study Chair: Paik Seong Lim, PhD Tungs’ Taichung Metroharbour Hospital