April 25, 2019
October 23, 2019
Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic granulomatous disease that affects individuals worldwide without known pathogenesis, and the role of comorbidities has not been fully assessed in the scientific literature. An increased incidence of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) has been described in Sarcoidosis although this association has not been explained yet and no data is available about the effect of treatment with Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) in Sarcoidosis. Also, patients affected by Sarcoidosis usually experience a state of physical and mental weariness called fatigue and reported in approximately 60-80% sarcoid patients and thought to be a consequence of inflammatory mediators but the high prevalence of OSAS could be a remarkable bias in clinical evaluation because fatigue is also strongly associated with sleep disorders. Thus, there is a real need for assessing not only the real prevalence of OSAS in Sarcoidosis but also the effect of CPAP treatment on fatigue status experienced by sarcoidotic patients.
|Experimental: Patients with Sarcoidosis
Participants with Sarcoidosis. This arm will complete baseline questionnaires assessing daytime sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale - ESS) and fatigue (Fatigue Assessment Scale - FAS). All participants will perform home polygraphy and will be treated with CPAP for three months if moderate-to-severe OSA has been diagnosed and re-assessed with the same questionnaires along with a complete analysis of CPAP adherence by analyzing the compliance report of the device.
Device: Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the gold standard for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) management when moderate-to-severe. Subjects with OSA will be trained in the use of CPAP and will be instructed to use it every night for 3 months. These subjects will then return for a post-treatment completion of questionnaires (ESS and FAS) and compliance analysis.
- Subjects with a definite diagnosis of sarcoidosis according to international ATS and
- Ongoing CPAP treatment
- Psychiatric disorders
Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli
Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli IRCCS
Study Director: Luca Richeldi, MD, PhD Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli IRCCS