April 26, 2019
June 24, 2019
The purpose of the study is to investigate whether an occupational therapy program could enhance mental health outcomes for veterans who SCUBA dive. SCUBA diving requires modified breathing techniques and has been found to provide calming effects to individuals who engage in this activity. Occupational therapy interventions such as mindfulness, journaling, and deep breathing techniques can also provide similar calming effects. Therefore, this study will explore whether occupational therapy can provide additional benefits to overall mental health of veterans who SCUBA dive.
|Experimental: SCUBA Dive with OT
Two SCUBA dives in conjunction with occupational therapy intervention. The occupational therapy intervention will take place on the beach or on the boat before/after the SCUBA dive. The intervention will consist of learning 3 different breathing techniques. Participants will also be educated about mindfulness principals. Additionally, participants will complete journaling activities between dives.
Behavioral: SCUBA with Occupational Therapy (OT)
Study participants will complete two OT sessions in conjunction to their regular SCUBA diving activity. OT intervention includes breathing techniques, mindfulness strategies and a journal activity.
|Active Comparator: SCUBA Dive without OT
The group will engage in two SCUBA dives.
Behavioral: Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus (SCUBA) without OT
Study participants will continue their regular SCUBA diving activity through the Wounded American Veterans Experience SCUBA (WAVES) program. They will complete two dives.
- 18 to 95 years of age
- Participation in WAVES Project for at least 3 months
- Completion of 3 open water dives
- Proficient in written and verbal English
- Younger than 18 years of age or older than 95 years of age
- Not a member of WAVES Project within 3 months of study recruitment
- Has not completed 3 open water dives
- Not proficient in written and verbal English
United States, California
Loma Linda Universtiy
Loma Linda University
Principal Investigator: Dragana Krpalek, PhD Loma Linda University Health