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Currently, you can access the following clinical trials being conducted worldwide:
Clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT03929640
Recruitment Status Recruiting
First Posted April 29, 2019
Last update posted September 18, 2020
This is a double blinded randomized controlled trial to test the efficacy of a combination of acetaminophen and ibuprofen administered to patients on schedule compared to ibuprofen alone on the patient's reported pain score on the second post-operative day after Cesarean delivery. The investigators will also record opiate consumption and pain scores throughout the hospitalization of participants, and will survey patients at one and two weeks after surgery regarding opiate consumption and quality of life.
The investigators have designed a double-blinded randomized, controlled trial to compare a standardized pain regimen of scheduled ibuprofen and acetaminophen to scheduled ibuprofen and placebo. In both arms, the participant will have the ability to ask for medication for breakthrough pain which will be oxycodone. By standardizing and scheduling the administration of ibuprofen with acetaminophen, the investigators hypothesize that total opioid requested and therefore consumed will be decreased in this participants who receive ibuprofen scheduled with acetaminophen. The investigators will primarily assess pain as reported on a 10-point scale mid-day on the second post-operative day. Secondarily, the investigators will collect reported pain scores and total opiate consumption while in the hospital, opiate consumption after discharge, and quality of life as assessed by the World Health Organization Quality of Life "Bref" (WHOQOL-BREF) survey. This information will be obtained via chart review and at-home surveys administered via email on the Research Electronic Data Capture (REDCap) system one and two weeks after surgery. Enrollment will be performed by study staff. Participants will then be randomized by the institution's Investigational Drug Services (IDS) in REDCap, which uses a randomization table generated by Penn State University (PSU) bio-statisticians. A medication packet will then be prepared and distributed by IDS for the participant containing 20 tablets of acetaminophen 650 mg or placebo based on randomization assignment. The packet will then be sent to nursing staff caring for the patient. Participants will then receive study medication/placebo along with ibuprofen 600 mg (dispensed by the clinical pharmacy) every 6 hours. Participants will be able to request medication for breakthrough pain which will be oxycodone 5 mg or 10 mg depending on reported pain score (one pill for moderate pain, two pills for severe pain). Both ibuprofen and oxycodone will be ordered and dispensed by the clinical pharmacy. Until the participant is deemed able to receive medication by mouth, the participant may receive medication as prescribed by the caring obstetrician and/or anesthesiologist which will be beyond the scope of this trial. Pain scores will be collected and recorded in the medical chart by nursing and assistant staff as part of routine care. At discharge, participants will receive a standard prescription for 20 tablets of oxycodone 5 mg with directions to take 1-2 tablets every 6-8 hours as needed for breakthrough pain, as is the current group standard at the institution in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. After discharge, study staff will then conduct a chart review to collect demographic information, review the operative report, and ensure no event took place which would exclude the participant from the study. Study staff will also record total opiate consumption and pain scores. One week after surgery, the participant will receive an invitation via electronic mail (e-mail) to complete a survey on REDCap which will assess opiate consumption and perceived appropriateness of pain control. Two weeks after surgery, participants will receive two additional invitations; one to complete another survey to assess opiate consumption and perceived appropriateness of pain control, and a second to complete the WHOQOL-BREF. The WHOQOL-BREF survey has been validated to assess four distinct categories of quality of life in women two weeks postpartum. These invitations and reminders have been designed to occur automatically with the assistance of features inherent to the REDCap program. Participants will be considered non-compliant if they fail to complete surveys within three days of receiving their invitation.
|Active Comparator: Ibuprofen and acetaminophen
Oral administration of ibuprofen 600 mg tablet and acetaminophen 650 mg tablet every 6 hours
Acetaminophen 650 mg tablet every 6 hours
Ibuprofen 600 mg tablet every 6 hours
|Placebo Comparator: Ibuprofen and placebo
Oral administration of ibuprofen 600 mg tablet and placebo tablet every 6 hours
Placebo oral tablet every 6 hours
Ibuprofen 600 mg tablet every 6 hours
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, , Learn About Clinical Studies.-->
- Pregnant women at least 18 years of age
- Planned delivery via C-section
- Pfannenstiel skin incision
- Lower uterine segment transverse hysterotomy
- English speaking
- Major intra-operative or post-operative complication such that clinician recommends
patient should not receive non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or that patient
requires acetaminophen to treat fever (ie suspected endometritis)
- Unplanned surgery (hysterectomy, bowel/bladder repair)
- Allergy or contraindication to study medication
- Non-English speaking
- Inability to provide informed consent
- History of opioid, other illicit substance, or alcohol use disorder either before or
- Severe renal or hepatic impairment
Contact: Avi Hameroff, MD 7175318142 ext 5 firstname.lastname@example.org
Contact: Serdar Ural, MD 7175318142 email@example.com
United States, Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania State University Hershey Medical Center
Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
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Bartels K, Mayes LM, Dingmann C, Bullard KJ, Hopfer CJ, Binswanger IA. Opioid Use and Storage Patterns by Patients after Hospital Discharge following Surgery. PLoS One. 2016 Jan 29;11(1):e0147972. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0147972. eCollection 2016.
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Viteri OA, England JA, Alrais MA, Lash KA, Villegas MI, Ashimi Balogun OA, Chauhan SP, Sibai BM. Association of Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs and Postpartum Hypertension in Women With Preeclampsia With Severe Features. Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Oct;130(4):830-835. doi: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000002247.
Chang AK, Bijur PE, Esses D, Barnaby DP, Baer J. Effect of a Single Dose of Oral Opioid and Nonopioid Analgesics on Acute Extremity Pain in the Emergency Department: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2017 Nov 7;318(17):1661-1667. doi: 10.1001/jama.2017.16190.
Ong CK, Seymour RA, Lirk P, Merry AF. Combining paracetamol (acetaminophen) with nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs: a qualitative systematic review of analgesic efficacy for acute postoperative pain. Anesth Analg. 2010 Apr 1;110(4):1170-9. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0b013e3181cf9281. Epub 2010 Feb 8. Review.
Skevington SM, Lotfy M, O'Connell KA; WHOQOL Group. The World Health Organization's WHOQOL-BREF quality of life assessment: psychometric properties and results of the international field trial. A report from the WHOQOL group. Qual Life Res. 2004 Mar;13(2):299-310.