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Clinical trial information and results are updated daily from ClinicalTrials.gov. The latest data update was conducted on 06/15/2021.

Multi-site Confirmatory Efficacy Treatment Trial of Combat-related PTSD

Clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT03932773

Recruitment Status Recruiting

First Posted May 1, 2019

Last update posted November 17, 2020

Study Description

Brief summary:

The purpose of this study is to examine the benefits of combining repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) coupled with Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) in treating combat-related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms. The study will also examine change in depression, psychosocial functioning, and neurophysiological (i.e., electroencephalography and magnetic resonance images) measures.

  • Condition or Disease:Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Intervention/Treatment: Device: Active rTMS
    Device: Sham rTMS
    Behavioral: Cognitive Processing Therapy
  • Phase: Phase 2
Detailed Description

Using three treatment arms, the study will examine Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptom reduction when (1) 1 Hz (hertz) repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (rDLPFC) is administered prior to each of 12 Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) sessions compared to when (2) sham rTMS is administered to the rDLPFC is administered prior to each of 12 CPT sessions and to when (3) 1 Hz rTMS is delivered to rDLPFC alone over 12 sessions. Veterans with combat-related PTSD will be randomly assigned to one of the three treatment arms. Primary outcome PTSD symptom severity measures, secondary neuropsychological, electroencephalography (EEG), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) outcome measures, and prescreening assessments for study contraindicators will be collected prior to being assigned to a treatment arm (i.e., baseline). Primary outcome PTSD symptom severity measures and secondary neuropsychological outcome measures will be collected twice within the span of the treatment sessions (i.e., sessions 5 and 9) and at three times following treatment competition (i.e., 1-month, 6-months, and 12-months). EEG also will be collected at the 1-month, 6-month, and 12-month assessments, and MRI will be collected at the 6-month and 12-month assessments.

Study Design
  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Estimated Enrollment: 330 participants
  • Allocation: Randomized
  • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
  • Intervention Model Description: Participants will be randomly assigned to one of three treatment arms: (1) 1 Hz (hertz) repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (rDLPFC) coupled with Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT), (2) sham rTMS coupled with CPT, or (3) 1 Hz rTMS to the rDLPFC alone.
  • Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Outcomes Assessor)
  • Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Official Title: Multi-site Confirmatory Efficacy Treatment Trial of Combat-related PTSD
  • Actual Study Start Date: May 2019
  • Estimated Primary Completion Date: July 2023
  • Estimated Study Completion Date: July 2023
Arms and interventions
Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Active rTMS Alone
30 minutes of 1 Hz rTMS to rDLPFC at 1 session per week over 12 weeks
Device: Active rTMS
A Magstim Rapid2 Stimulator repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) device will be used to deliver 1 hertz (Hz) stimulation to right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (rDLPFC) at 110% of a participant's rTMS motor threshold. The device passes electric current through a coil generating an alternating magnetic field. When positioned over the skull, the changing magnetic field causes electromagnetic inducted current flow in brain regions subjacent to the coil. Magnetic pulses (1.5-2.0 Tesla) lasting 100-300 microseconds at 1 Hz will be used. Motor threshold will be defined by the TMS intensity to right motor region required to induce visually perceptible movement of the contralateral abductor pollicus brevis 50 percent of the time.
Sham Comparator: Sham rTMS + CPT
30 minutes of sham repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (rDLPFC) prior to each Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) session
Device: Active rTMS
A Magstim Rapid2 Stimulator repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) device will be used to deliver 1 hertz (Hz) stimulation to right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (rDLPFC) at 110% of a participant's rTMS motor threshold. The device passes electric current through a coil generating an alternating magnetic field. When positioned over the skull, the changing magnetic field causes electromagnetic inducted current flow in brain regions subjacent to the coil. Magnetic pulses (1.5-2.0 Tesla) lasting 100-300 microseconds at 1 Hz will be used. Motor threshold will be defined by the TMS intensity to right motor region required to induce visually perceptible movement of the contralateral abductor pollicus brevis 50 percent of the time.

Behavioral: Cognitive Processing Therapy
Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) is an evidenced based, trauma-focused treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). CPT is a recommended form of treatment in the Veterans Administration - Department of Defense Clinical Practice Guideline for PTSD. The CPT manual delineates the agenda for each of 12 sessions (60 minutes per session): 1) Introduction to CPT and Patient Education regarding PTSD, 2) Meaning of the Trauma, 3) Identification of Thoughts and Feelings related to the Trauma, 4) Remembering the Trauma, 5) Identification of Stuck points, 6) Challenging Questions about the Trauma, 7) Dysfunctional/Maladaptive Thinking patterns related to the Trauma, 8) Safety Issues, 9) Trust Issues, 10) Power and Control Issues, 11) Self-Esteem Issues, and 12) Intimacy Issues.
Active Comparator: Active rTMS + CPT
30 minutes of 1 Hz rTMS to rDLPFC prior to each CPT session
Device: Sham rTMS
A Magstim Rapid2 Stimulator repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) device will be paired with sham coil. The sham coil will induce electrical current flow in the tissue above the skull but will not induce current flow in brain tissue. The sham coil will be placed over the right prefrontal scalp region to target current flow in rDLPFC. Magnetic pulses lasting for 100-300 microseconds at 1 Hz will be used. For consistency across the rTMS conditions, motor threshold in the sham condition also will be determined by positioning the active rTMS coil over the right motor region and identifying the stimulation intensity required to induce visually perceptible movement of the contralateral abductor pollicus brevis 50 percent of the time.

Behavioral: Cognitive Processing Therapy
Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) is an evidenced based, trauma-focused treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). CPT is a recommended form of treatment in the Veterans Administration - Department of Defense Clinical Practice Guideline for PTSD. The CPT manual delineates the agenda for each of 12 sessions (60 minutes per session): 1) Introduction to CPT and Patient Education regarding PTSD, 2) Meaning of the Trauma, 3) Identification of Thoughts and Feelings related to the Trauma, 4) Remembering the Trauma, 5) Identification of Stuck points, 6) Challenging Questions about the Trauma, 7) Dysfunctional/Maladaptive Thinking patterns related to the Trauma, 8) Safety Issues, 9) Trust Issues, 10) Power and Control Issues, 11) Self-Esteem Issues, and 12) Intimacy Issues.
Outcome Measures
  • Primary Outcome Measures: 1. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6-months post-treatment on the Clinician Administered Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Scale for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (CAPS-5) Total Severity Score [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 37 weeks: Baseline, 6-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Clinician Administered Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Scale for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (CAPS-5) Total Severity Score (20 item sum, range 0-80, higher score=greater severity) in change from baseline to 6 months after the 12-week interventions. Weathers, FW, Blake, DD, Schnurr, PP, Kaloupek, DG, Marx, BP, & Keane, TM. The Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5). www.ptsd.va.gov: National Center for PTSD, 2013.
  • Secondary Outcome Measures: 1. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 1 month post-treatment on the Clinician Administered Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Scale for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (CAPS-5) Total Severity Score [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 17 weeks: Baseline, 1-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Clinician Administered Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Scale for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (CAPS-5) Total Severity Score (20 item sum, range 0-80, higher score=greater severity) in change from baseline to 1 month after the 12-week interventions. Weathers, FW, Blake, DD, Schnurr, PP, Kaloupek, DG, Marx, BP, & Keane, TM. The Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5). www.ptsd.va.gov: National Center for PTSD, 2013.
  • 2. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 12 months post-treatment on the Clinician Administered Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Scale for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (CAPS-5) Total Severity Score [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 61 weeks: Baseline, 12-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Clinician Administered Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Scale for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (CAPS-5) Total Severity Score (20 item sum, range 0-80, higher score=greater severity) in change from baseline to 12 months after the 12-week interventions. Weathers, FW, Blake, DD, Schnurr, PP, Kaloupek, DG, Marx, BP, & Keane, TM. The Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5). www.ptsd.va.gov: National Center for PTSD, 2013.
  • 3. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 1 month post-treatment on the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (PCL-5) Total Severity Score [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 17 weeks: Baseline, 1-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (PCL-5) Total Severity Score (20 item sum, range 0-80, higher score=greater severity) in change from baseline to 1 month after the 12-week interventions. Weathers FW, Litz BT, Keane TM, Palmieri PA, Marx BP, Schnurr PP. The PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5). Scale available from the National Center for PTSD at www.ptsd.va.gov, 2013.
  • 4. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 months post-treatment on the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (PCL-5) Total Severity Score [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 37 weeks: Baseline, 6-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (PCL-5) Total Severity Score (20 item sum, range 0-80, higher score=greater severity) in change from baseline to 6 months after the 12-week interventions. Weathers FW, Litz BT, Keane TM, Palmieri PA, Marx BP, Schnurr PP. The PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5). Scale available from the National Center for PTSD at www.ptsd.va.gov, 2013.
  • 5. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 12 months post-treatment on the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (PCL-5) Total Severity Score [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 61 weeks: Baseline, 12-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (PCL-5) Total Severity Score (20 item sum, range 0-80, higher score=greater severity) in change from baseline to 12 months after the 12-week interventions. Weathers FW, Litz BT, Keane TM, Palmieri PA, Marx BP, Schnurr PP. The PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5). Scale available from the National Center for PTSD at www.ptsd.va.gov, 2013.
  • 6. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 1 month post-treatment on the Clinician Administered Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Scale for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (CAPS-5) Symptom Cluster Scores [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 17 weeks: Baseline, 1-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on Clinician Administered Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Scale for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (CAPS-5) Symptom Cluster Scores (cluster item sum, higher scores=greater severity) in change from baseline to 1 month after the 12-week interventions. Evaluations of 4-Symptom Cluster Model ([1] Intrusions, range 0-20, [2] Avoidance, range 0-8, [3] Negative Cognition/Mood, range 0-28, and [4] Arousal/Reactivity, range 0-24) and 7-Symptom Cluster Model ([1] Intrusions, range 0-20, [2] Avoidance, range 0-8, [3] Negative Affect, range 0-16), [4] Anhedonia, range 0-12, [5] Externalizing, range 0-8, [6] Anxious Arousal, range 0-8, and [7] Dysphoric Arousal, range 0-8). Weathers FW, Bovin MJ, Lee DJ, Sloan DM, Schnurr PP, Kaloupek DG, Keane TM, Marx BP. The Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5): Development and initial psychometric evaluation in military veterans. Psychol Assess 30(3):383-395, 2018.
  • 7. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 months post-treatment on the Clinician Administered Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Scale for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (CAPS-5) Symptom Cluster Scores [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 37 weeks: Baseline, 6-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on Clinician Administered Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Scale for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (CAPS-5) Symptom Cluster Scores (cluster item sum, higher scores=greater severity) in change from baseline to 6 months after the 12-week interventions. Evaluations of 4-Symptom Cluster Model ([1] Intrusions, range 0-20, [2] Avoidance, range 0-8, [3] Negative Cognition/Mood, range 0-28, and [4] Arousal/Reactivity, range 0-24) and 7-Symptom Cluster Model ([1] Intrusions, range 0-20, [2] Avoidance, range 0-8, [3] Negative Affect, range 0-16), [4] Anhedonia, range 0-12, [5] Externalizing, range 0-8, [6] Anxious Arousal, range 0-8, and [7] Dysphoric Arousal, range 0-8). Weathers FW, Bovin MJ, Lee DJ, Sloan DM, Schnurr PP, Kaloupek DG, Keane TM, Marx BP. The Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5): Development and initial psychometric evaluation in military veterans. Psychol Assess 30(3):383-395, 2018.
  • 8. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 12 months post-treatment on the Clinician Administered Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Scale for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (CAPS-5) Symptom Cluster Scores [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 61 weeks: Baseline, 12-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on Clinician Administered Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Scale for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (CAPS-5) Symptom Cluster Scores (cluster item sum, higher scores=greater severity) in change from baseline to 12 months after the 12-week intervention. Evaluations of 4-Symptom Cluster Model ([1] Intrusions, range 0-20, [2] Avoidance, range 0-8, [3] Negative Cognition/Mood, range 0-28, and [4] Arousal/Reactivity, range 0-24) and 7-Symptom Cluster Model ([1] Intrusions, range 0-20, [2] Avoidance, range 0-8, [3] Negative Affect, range 0-16), [4] Anhedonia, range 0-12, [5] Externalizing, range 0-8, [6] Anxious Arousal, range 0-8, and [7] Dysphoric Arousal, range 0-8). Weathers FW, Bovin MJ, Lee DJ, Sloan DM, Schnurr PP, Kaloupek DG, Keane TM, Marx BP. The Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5): Development and initial psychometric evaluation in military veterans. Psychol Assess 30(3):383-395, 2018.
  • 9. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 weeks (5th intervention session) on the Clinician Administered Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Scale for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (CAPS-5) Total Score [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 6 weeks: Baseline, 6 weeks ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Clinician Administered Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Scale for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (CAPS-5) Total Severity Score (20 item sum, range 0-80, higher score=greater severity) in change from baseline to 6 weeks. Weathers, F.W., Blake, D.D., Schnurr, P.P., Kaloupek, D.G., Marx, B.P., & Keane, T.M. (2013). The Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5). Interview available from the National Center for PTSD at www.ptsd.va.gov.
  • 10. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 10 weeks (9th intervention session) on the Clinician Administered Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Scale for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (CAPS-5) Total Score [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 10 weeks: Baseline, 10 weeks ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Clinician Administered Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Scale for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (CAPS-5) Total Severity Score (20 item sum, range 0-80, higher score=greater severity) in change from baseline to 10 weeks. Weathers, F.W., Blake, D.D., Schnurr, P.P., Kaloupek, D.G., Marx, B.P., & Keane, T.M. (2013). The Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5). Interview available from the National Center for PTSD at www.ptsd.va.gov.
  • 11. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 1 month post-treatment on the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 17 weeks: Baseline, 1-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS) (9 domain sum, range 0-27, higher score=greater severity) in change from baseline to 1-month after the 12-week interventions. Rush, AJ, Trivedi, MH, et al. The 16-Item Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS), clinician rating (QIDS-C), and self-report (QIDS-SR): a psychometric evaluation in patients with chronic major depression. Biol Psychiatry 54(5):573-583, 2003.
  • 12. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 weeks (5th intervention session) on the Clinician Administered Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Scale for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (CAPS-5) Symptom Cluster [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 6 weeks: Baseline, 6 weeks ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on Clinician Administered Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Scale for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (CAPS-5) Symptom Cluster Scores (cluster item sum, higher scores=greater severity) in change from baseline to 6 weeks. Evaluations of 4-Symptom Cluster Model ([1] Intrusions, range 0-20, [2] Avoidance, range 0-8, [3] Negative Cognition/Mood, range 0-28, and [4] Arousal/Reactivity, range 0-24) and 7-Symptom Cluster Model ([1] Intrusions, range 0-20, [2] Avoidance, range 0-8, [3] Negative Affect, range 0-16), [4] Anhedonia, range 0-12, [5] Externalizing, range 0-8, [6] Anxious Arousal, range 0-8, and [7] Dysphoric Arousal, range 0-8). Weathers FW, Bovin MJ, Lee DJ, Sloan DM, Schnurr PP, Kaloupek DG, Keane TM, Marx BP. The Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5): Development and initial psychometric evaluation in military veterans. Psychol Assess 30(3):383-395, 2018.
  • 13. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 10 weeks (9th intervention session) on the Clinician Administered Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Scale for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (CAPS-5) Symptom Clust [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 10 weeks: Baseline, 10 weeks ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on Clinician Administered Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Scale for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (CAPS-5) Symptom Cluster Scores (cluster item sum, higher scores=greater severity) in change from baseline to 10 weeks. Evaluations of 4-Symptom Cluster Model ([1] Intrusions, range 0-20, [2] Avoidance, range 0-8, [3] Negative Cognition/Mood, range 0-28, and [4] Arousal/Reactivity, range 0-24) and 7-Symptom Cluster Model ([1] Intrusions, range 0-20, [2] Avoidance, range 0-8, [3] Negative Affect, range 0-16), [4] Anhedonia, range 0-12, [5] Externalizing, range 0-8, [6] Anxious Arousal, range 0-8, and [7] Dysphoric Arousal, range 0-8). Weathers FW, Bovin MJ, Lee DJ, Sloan DM, Schnurr PP, Kaloupek DG, Keane TM, Marx BP. The Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5): Development and initial psychometric evaluation in military veterans. Psychol Assess 30(3):383-395, 2018.
  • 14. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 1 month post-treatment on the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (PCL-5) Symptom Cluster Scores [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 17 weeks: Baseline, 1-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (PCL-5) Symptom Cluster Scores (cluster item sum, higher scores=greater severity) in change from baseline to 1 month after 12-week interventions. Evaluations of 4-Symptom Cluster Model ([1] Intrusions, range 0-20, [2] Avoidance, range 0-8, [3] Negative Cognition/Mood, range 0-28, and [4] Arousal/Reactivity, range 0-24) and 7-Symptom Cluster Model ([1] Intrusions, range 0-20, [2] Avoidance, range 0-8, [3] Negative Affect, range 0-16), [4] Anhedonia, range 0-12, [5] Externalizing, range 0-8, [6] Anxious Arousal, range 0-8, and [7] Dysphoric Arousal, range 0-8). Bovin, MJ, Marx, BP, Weathers, FW, Gallagher, MW, Rodriguez, P, Schnurr, PP, Keane, TM. Psychometric properties of the PTSD Checklist for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (PCL-5) in Veterans. Psychol Assess 28(11):1379-1391, 2016.
  • 15. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 months post-treatment on the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (PCL-5) Symptom Cluster Scores [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 37 weeks: Baseline, 6-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (PCL-5) Symptom Cluster Scores (cluster item sum, higher scores=greater severity) in change from baseline to 6 months after 12-week interventions. Evaluations of 4-Symptom Cluster Model ([1] Intrusions, range 0-20, [2] Avoidance, range 0-8, [3] Negative Cognition/Mood, range 0-28, and [4] Arousal/Reactivity, range 0-24) and 7-Symptom Cluster Model ([1] Intrusions, range 0-20, [2] Avoidance, range 0-8, [3] Negative Affect, range 0-16), [4] Anhedonia, range 0-12, [5] Externalizing, range 0-8, [6] Anxious Arousal, range 0-8, and [7] Dysphoric Arousal, range 0-8). Bovin, MJ, Marx, BP, Weathers, FW, Gallagher, MW, Rodriguez, P, Schnurr, PP, Keane, TM. Psychometric properties of the PTSD Checklist for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (PCL-5) in Veterans. Psychol Assess 28(11):1379-1391, 2016.
  • 16. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 12 months post-treatment on Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 61 weeks: Baseline, 12-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (10 item sum, range 0-60, higher score=greater severity) in change from baseline to 12-months after the 12-week interventions. Montgomery SA, Asberg M. A new depression scale designed to be sensitive to change. Br J Psychiatry 134:382-389, 1979.
  • 17. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 12 months post-treatment on the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (PCL-5) Symptom Cluster Scores [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 61 weeks: Baseline, 12-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (PCL-5) Symptom Cluster Scores (cluster item sum, higher scores=greater severity) in change from baseline to 12 months after 12-week interventions. Evaluations of 4-Symptom Cluster Model ([1] Intrusions, range 0-20, [2] Avoidance, range 0-8, [3] Negative Cognition/Mood, range 0-28, and [4] Arousal/Reactivity, range 0-24) and 7-Symptom Cluster Model ([1] Intrusions, range 0-20, [2] Avoidance, range 0-8, [3] Negative Affect, range 0-16), [4] Anhedonia, range 0-12, [5] Externalizing, range 0-8, [6] Anxious Arousal, range 0-8, and [7] Dysphoric Arousal, range 0-8). Bovin, MJ, Marx, BP, Weathers, FW, Gallagher, MW, Rodriguez, P, Schnurr, PP, Keane, TM. Psychometric properties of the PTSD Checklist for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (PCL-5) in Veterans. Psychol Assess 28(11):1379-1391, 2016.
  • 18. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 weeks (5th intervention session) on the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (PCL-5) Symptom Cluster Scores [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 6 weeks: Baseline, 6 weeks ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (PCL-5) Symptom Cluster Scores (cluster item sum, higher scores=greater severity) in change from baseline to 6 weeks. Evaluations of 4-Symptom Cluster Model ([1] Intrusions, range 0-20, [2] Avoidance, range 0-8, [3] Negative Cognition/Mood, range 0-28, and [4] Arousal/Reactivity, range 0-24) and 7-Symptom Cluster Model ([1] Intrusions, range 0-20, [2] Avoidance, range 0-8, [3] Negative Affect, range 0-16), [4] Anhedonia, range 0-12, [5] Externalizing, range 0-8, [6] Anxious Arousal, range 0-8, and [7] Dysphoric Arousal, range 0-8). Bovin, MJ, Marx, BP, Weathers, FW, Gallagher, MW, Rodriguez, P, Schnurr, PP, Keane, TM. Psychometric properties of the PTSD Checklist for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (PCL-5) in Veterans. Psychol Assess 28(11):1379-1391, 2016.
  • 19. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 10 weeks (9th intervention session) on the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (PCL-5) Symptom Cluster Scores [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 10 weeks: Baseline, 10 weeks ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (PCL-5) Symptom Cluster Scores (cluster item sum, higher scores=greater severity) in change from baseline to 10 weeks. Evaluations of 4-Symptom Cluster Model ([1] Intrusions, range 0-20, [2] Avoidance, range 0-8, [3] Negative Cognition/Mood, range 0-28, and [4] Arousal/Reactivity, range 0-24) and 7-Symptom Cluster Model ([1] Intrusions, range 0-20, [2] Avoidance, range 0-8, [3] Negative Affect, range 0-16), [4] Anhedonia, range 0-12, [5] Externalizing, range 0-8, [6] Anxious Arousal, range 0-8, and [7] Dysphoric Arousal, range 0-8). Bovin, MJ, Marx, BP, Weathers, FW, Gallagher, MW, Rodriguez, P, Schnurr, PP, Keane, TM. Psychometric properties of the PTSD Checklist for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (PCL-5) in Veterans. Psychol Assess 28(11):1379-1391, 2016.
  • 20. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 1 month post-treatment on the Mississippi Scale for Combat Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 17 weeks: Baseline, 1-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Mississippi Scale for Combat Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Total Score (35 item sum, range 35-175, higher score=greater severity) in change from baseline to 1-month after the 12-week interventions. Keane TM, Caddell JM, Taylor KL. Mississippi Scale for Combat-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: three studies in reliability and validity. J Consult Clin Psychol 56(1):85-90, 1988.
  • 21. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 months post-treatment on the Mississippi Scale for Combat Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 37 weeks: Baseline, 6-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Mississippi Scale for Combat Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Total Score (35 item sum, range 35-175, higher score=greater severity) in change from baseline to 6-months after the 12-week interventions. Keane TM, Caddell JM, Taylor KL. Mississippi Scale for Combat-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: three studies in reliability and validity. J Consult Clin Psychol 56(1):85-90, 1988.
  • 22. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 12 months post-treatment on the Mississippi Scale for Combat Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 61 weeks: Baseline, 12-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Mississippi Scale for Combat Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Total Score (35 item sum, range 35-175, higher score=greater severity) in change from baseline to 12-months after the 12-week interventions. Keane TM, Caddell JM, Taylor KL. Mississippi Scale for Combat-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: three studies in reliability and validity. J Consult Clin Psychol 56(1):85-90, 1988.
  • 23. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 1 month post-treatment on Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 17 weeks: Baseline, 1-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (10 item sum, range 0-60, higher score=greater severity) in change from baseline to 1-month after the 12-week interventions. Montgomery SA, Asberg M. A new depression scale designed to be sensitive to change. Br J Psychiatry 134:382-389, 1979.
  • 24. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 months post-treatment on Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 37 weeks: Baseline, 6-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (10 item sum, range 0-60, higher score=greater severity) in change from baseline to 6-months after the 12-week interventions. Montgomery SA, Asberg M. A new depression scale designed to be sensitive to change. Br J Psychiatry 134:382-389, 1979.
  • 25. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 weeks (5th intervention session) on Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 6 weeks: Baseline, 6 weeks ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (10 item sum, range 0-60, higher score=greater severity) in change from baseline to 6 weeks. Montgomery SA, Asberg M. A new depression scale designed to be sensitive to change. Br J Psychiatry 134:382-389, 1979.
  • 26. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 10 weeks (9th intervention session) on Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 10 weeks: Baseline, 10 weeks ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (10 item sum, range 0-60, higher score=greater severity) in change from baseline to 10 weeks. Montgomery SA, Asberg M. A new depression scale designed to be sensitive to change. Br J Psychiatry 134:382-389, 1979.
  • 27. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 months post-treatment on the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 37 weeks: Baseline, 6-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS) (9 domain sum, range 0-27, higher score=greater severity) in change from baseline to 6-months after the 12-week interventions. Rush, AJ, Trivedi, MH, et al. The 16-Item Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS), clinician rating (QIDS-C), and self-report (QIDS-SR): a psychometric evaluation in patients with chronic major depression. Biol Psychiatry 54(5):573-583, 2003.
  • 28. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 12 months post-treatment on the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 61 weeks: Baseline, 12-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS) (9 domain sum, range 0-27, higher score=greater severity) in change from baseline to 12-months after the 12-week interventions. Rush, AJ, Trivedi, MH, et al. The 16-Item Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS), clinician rating (QIDS-C), and self-report (QIDS-SR): a psychometric evaluation in patients with chronic major depression. Biol Psychiatry 54(5):573-583, 2003.
  • 29. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 weeks (5th intervention session ) on the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 6 weeks: Baseline, 6 weeks ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS) (9 domain sum, range 0-27, higher score=greater severity) in change from baseline to 6 weeks. Rush, AJ, Trivedi, MH, et al. The 16-Item Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS), clinician rating (QIDS-C), and self-report (QIDS-SR): a psychometric evaluation in patients with chronic major depression. Biol Psychiatry 54(5):573-583, 2003.
  • 30. Treatment group differences from baseline to 10 weeks (9th intervention session) on the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 10 weeks: Baseline, 10 weeks ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS) (9 domain sum, range 0-27, higher score=greater severity) in change from baseline to 10 weeks. Rush, AJ, Trivedi, MH, et al. The 16-Item Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS), clinician rating (QIDS-C), and self-report (QIDS-SR): a psychometric evaluation in patients with chronic major depression. Biol Psychiatry 54(5):573-583, 2003.
  • 31. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 1 month post-treatment on the Inventory of Psychosocial Functioning [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 17 weeks: Baseline, 1-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Inventory of Psychosocial Functioning (IPF) Overall Score (mean of completed domain scores, range 0-100, higher score=greater impairment) in change from baseline to 1 month following the 12-week interventions. Bovin MJ, Black SK, Rodriguez P, Lunney CA, Kleiman SE, Weathers FW, Schnurr PP, Spira J, Keane TM, Marx BP. Development and validation of a measure of PTSD-related psychosocial functional impairment: The Inventory of Psychosocial Functioning. Psychol Serv 15(2):216-229, 2018.
  • 32. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 months post-treatment on the Inventory of Psychosocial Functioning [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 37 weeks: Baseline, 6-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Inventory of Psychosocial Functioning (IPF) Overall Score (mean of completed domain scores, range 0-100, higher score=greater impairment) in change from baseline to 6 months after the 12-week interventions. Bovin MJ, Black SK, Rodriguez P, Lunney CA, Kleiman SE, Weathers FW, Schnurr PP, Spira J, Keane TM, Marx BP. Development and validation of a measure of PTSD-related psychosocial functional impairment: The Inventory of Psychosocial Functioning. Psychol Serv 15(2):216-229, 2018.
  • 33. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 12 months post-treatment on the Inventory of Psychosocial Functioning [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 61 weeks: Baseline, 12-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Inventory of Psychosocial Functioning (IPF) Overall Score (mean of completed domain scores, range 0-100, higher score=greater impairment) in change from baseline to 12 months after the 12-week interventions. Bovin MJ, Black SK, Rodriguez P, Lunney CA, Kleiman SE, Weathers FW, Schnurr PP, Spira J, Keane TM, Marx BP. Development and validation of a measure of PTSD-related psychosocial functional impairment: The Inventory of Psychosocial Functioning. Psychol Serv 15(2):216-229, 2018.
  • 34. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 1 month post-treatment on the Short Impulsive Behavior Scale [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 17 weeks: Baseline, 1-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Short Impulsive Behavior Scale (UPPS-P) Total Score (mean item rating, range 1-4, higher score=greater impulsivity) in change from baseline to 1 month after the 12-week interventions. Cyders MA, Littlefield AK, Coffey S, Karyadi KA. Examination of a short English version of the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale. Addict Behav 39(9):1372-1376, 2014.
  • 35. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 months post-treatment on the Short Impulsive Behavior Scale [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 37 weeks: Baseline, 6-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Short Impulsive Behavior Scale (UPPS-P) Total Score (mean item rating, range 1-4, higher score=greater impulsivity) in change from baseline to 6 months after the 12-week interventions. Cyders MA, Littlefield AK, Coffey S, Karyadi KA. Examination of a short English version of the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale. Addict Behav 39(9):1372-1376, 2014.
  • 36. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 12 months post-treatment on the Short Impulsive Behavior Scale [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 61 weeks: Baseline, 12-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Short Impulsive Behavior Scale (UPPS-P) Total Score (mean item rating, range 1-4, higher score=greater impulsivity) in change from baseline to 12 months after the 12-week interventions. Cyders MA, Littlefield AK, Coffey S, Karyadi KA. Examination of a short English version of the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale. Addict Behav 39(9):1372-1376, 2014.
  • 37. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 1 month post-treatment on the Short Impulsive Behavior Subscales [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 17 weeks: Baseline, 1-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Short Impulsive Behavior Scale (UPPS-P) Subscale Scores (mean item rating, range 1-4, higher score=greater impulsivity) in change from baseline to 1 month after the 12-week interventions. Evaluations on (1) Negative Urgency, (2) Perseverance, (3) Premeditation, (4) Sensation Seeking, and (5) Positive Urgency Cyders MA, Littlefield AK, Coffey S, Karyadi KA. Examination of a short English version of the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale. Addict Behav 39(9):1372-1376, 2014.
  • 38. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 months post-treatment on the Short Impulsive Behavior Subscales [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 37 weeks: Baseline, 6-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Short Impulsive Behavior Scale (UPPS-P) Subscale Scores (mean item rating, range 1-4, higher score=greater impulsivity) in change from baseline to 6 months after the 12-week interventions. Evaluations on (1) Negative Urgency, (2) Perseverance, (3) Premeditation, (4) Sensation Seeking, and (5) Positive Urgency Cyders MA, Littlefield AK, Coffey S, Karyadi KA. Examination of a short English version of the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale. Addict Behav 39(9):1372-1376, 2014.
  • 39. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 12 months post-treatment on the Short Impulsive Behavior Subscales [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 61 weeks: Baseline, 12-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Short Impulsive Behavior Scale (UPPS-P) Subscale Scores (mean item rating, range 1-4, higher score=greater impulsivity) in change from baseline to 12 months after the 12-week interventions. Evaluations on (1) Negative Urgency, (2) Perseverance, (3) Premeditation, (4) Sensation Seeking, and (5) Positive Urgency Cyders MA, Littlefield AK, Coffey S, Karyadi KA. Examination of a short English version of the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale. Addict Behav 39(9):1372-1376, 2014.
  • 40. Treatment group differences in change in aggression from baseline to 1 month post-treatment on the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 17 weeks: Baseline, 1-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire Total Score (29 item sum, range 29-145, higher score=greater aggression) in change from baseline to 1 month after the 12-week interventions. Buss AH, Perry M. The Aggression Questionnaire. J Pers Soc Psychol 63(3):452-459, 1992.
  • 41. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 months post-treatment on the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 37 weeks: Baseline, 6-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire Total Score (29 item sum, range 29-145, higher score=greater aggression) in change from baseline to 6 months after the 12-week interventions. Buss AH, Perry M. The Aggression Questionnaire. J Pers Soc Psychol 63(3):452-459, 1992.
  • 42. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 12 months post-treatment on the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 61 weeks: Baseline, 12-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire Total Score (29 item sum, range 29-145, higher score=greater aggression) in change from baseline to 12 months after the 12-week interventions. Buss AH, Perry M. The Aggression Questionnaire. J Pers Soc Psychol 63(3):452-459, 1992.
  • 43. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 1 month post-treatment on the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire Subscales [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 17 weeks: Baseline, 1-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire Subscale Scores (subscale item sum, higher score=greater aggression) in change from baseline to 1 month after the 12-week interventions. Evaluated on: Physical Aggression (9 items, range 9-45), Verbal Aggression (5 items, range 5-25), Anger (7 items, range 7-35), and Hostility (8 items, range 8-40). Buss AH, Perry M. The Aggression Questionnaire. J Pers Soc Psychol 63(3):452-459, 1992.
  • 44. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 months post-treatment on the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire Subscales [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 37 weeks: Baseline, 6-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire Subscale Scores (subscale item sum, higher score=greater aggression) in change from baseline to 6 months after the 12-week interventions. Evaluated on: Physical Aggression (9 items, range 9-45), Verbal Aggression (5 items, range 5-25), Anger (7 items, range 7-35), and Hostility (8 items, range 8-40). Buss AH, Perry M. The Aggression Questionnaire. J Pers Soc Psychol 63(3):452-459, 1992.
  • 45. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 12 months post-treatment on the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire Subscales [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 61 weeks: Baseline, 12-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences on the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire Subscale Scores (subscale item sum, higher score=greater aggression) in change from baseline to 12 months after the 12-week interventions. Evaluated on: Physical Aggression (9 items, range 9-45), Verbal Aggression (5 items, range 5-25), Anger (7 items, range 7-35), and Hostility (8 items, range 8-40). Buss AH, Perry M. The Aggression Questionnaire. J Pers Soc Psychol 63(3):452-459, 1992.
  • 46. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 1 month post-treatment in event-related potential in response to trauma-specific auditory stimuli [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 17 weeks: Baseline, 1-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences in change from baseline to 1 month following the 12-week interventions in event-related potential (ERP) on trauma-specific threatening auditory stimuli compared to non-specific threatening and non-threatening auditory stimuli. Measured as change in microvolts separately on the N2 and P3 ERP components. Tillman GD et al. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and threat memory: selective reduction of combat threat memory p300 response after right frontal-lobe stimulation. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 23(1):40-7, 2011.
  • 47. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 months post-treatment in event-related potential in response to trauma-specific auditory stimuli [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 37 weeks: Baseline, 6-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 months following the 12-week interventions in event-related potential (ERP) on trauma-specific threatening auditory stimuli compared to non-specific threatening and non-threatening auditory stimuli. Measured as change in microvolts separately on the N2 and P3 ERP components. Tillman GD et al. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and threat memory: selective reduction of combat threat memory p300 response after right frontal-lobe stimulation. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 23(1):40-7, 2011.
  • 48. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 12 months post-treatment in event-related potential in response to trauma-specific auditory stimuli [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 61 weeks: Baseline, 12-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences in change from baseline to 12 months following the 12-week interventions in event-related potential (ERP) on trauma-specific threatening auditory stimuli compared to non-specific threatening and non-threatening auditory stimuli. Measured as change in microvolts separately on the N2 and P3 ERP components. Tillman GD et al. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and threat memory: selective reduction of combat threat memory p300 response after right frontal-lobe stimulation. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 23(1):40-7, 2011.
  • 49. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 1 month post-treatment in event-related potential in response to trauma-specific visual stimuli [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 17 weeks: Baseline, 1-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences in change from baseline to 1 month following the 12-week interventions in event-related potential (ERP) on trauma-specific visual stimuli compared to non-specific threatening and non-threatening visual stimuli. Measured as change in microvolts separately on the N2 and P3 ERP components. DeLaRosa BL et al. Electrophysiological spatiotemporal dynamics during implicit visual threat processing. Brain Cogn 91:54-61, 2014.
  • 50. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 months post-treatment in event-related potential in response to trauma-specific visual stimuli [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 37 weeks: Baseline, 6-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 months following the 12-week interventions in event-related potential (ERP) on trauma-specific visual stimuli compared to non-specific threatening and non-threatening visual stimuli. Measured as change in microvolts separately on the N2 and P3 ERP components. DeLaRosa BL et al. Electrophysiological spatiotemporal dynamics during implicit visual threat processing. Brain Cogn 91:54-61, 2014.
  • 51. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 12 months post-treatment in event-related potential in response to trauma-specific visual stimuli [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 61 weeks: Baseline, 12-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences in change from baseline to 12 months following the 12-week interventions in event-related potential (ERP) on trauma-specific visual stimuli compared to non-specific threatening and non-threatening visual stimuli. Measured as change in microvolts separately on the N2 and P3 ERP components. DeLaRosa BL et al. Electrophysiological spatiotemporal dynamics during implicit visual threat processing. Brain Cogn 91:54-61, 2014.
  • 52. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 1 month post-treatment in electroencephalography power in response to trauma-specific auditory stimuli [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 17 weeks: Baseline, 1-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences in change from baseline to 1 month following the 12-week interventions in change in electroencephalography (EEG) power within alpha- and theta-bands to trauma-specific threatening auditory stimuli compared to non-specific threatening and non-threatening auditory stimuli. For task conditions of interest, EEG power will be calculated separately at each electrode as log transformed, absolute power averages in the delta (1.5-3.5 Hz), theta (4-7.5 Hz), alpha (8-13 Hz), and beta (13.5-25 Hz) bands over time. Tillman GD et al. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and threat memory: selective reduction of combat threat memory p300 response after right frontal-lobe stimulation. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 23(1):40-7, 2011.
  • 53. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 months post-treatment in electroencephalography power in response to trauma-specific auditory stimuli [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 37 weeks: Baseline, 6-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 months following the 12-week interventions in change in electroencephalography (EEG) power within alpha- and theta-bands to trauma-specific threatening auditory stimuli compared to non-specific threatening and non-threatening auditory stimuli. For task conditions of interest, EEG power will be calculated separately at each electrode as log transformed, absolute power averages in the delta (1.5-3.5 Hz), theta (4-7.5 Hz), alpha (8-13 Hz), and beta (13.5-25 Hz) bands over time. Tillman GD et al. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and threat memory: selective reduction of combat threat memory p300 response after right frontal-lobe stimulation. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 23(1):40-7, 2011.
  • 54. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6-months post-treatment in resting-state electroencephalography power [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 37 weeks: Baseline, 6-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 months following the 12-week interventions in change in resting-state electroencephalography (EEG) power. EEG power will be calculated separately at each electrode as the log transformed, absolute power in the delta (1.5-3.5 Hz), theta (4-7.5 Hz), alpha (8-13 Hz), and beta (13.5-25 Hz) bands for each eyes-open and eyes-closed epoch, and groups differences from baseline to 1-month in the average differences in the log transformed, absolute power between the eyes-open and eyes-closed conditions will be evaluated.
  • 55. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 12-months post-treatment in resting-state electroencephalography power [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 61 weeks: Baseline, 12-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences in change from baseline to 12 months following the 12-week interventions in change in resting-state electroencephalography (EEG) power. EEG power will be calculated separately at each electrode as the log transformed, absolute power in the delta (1.5-3.5 Hz), theta (4-7.5 Hz), alpha (8-13 Hz), and beta (13.5-25 Hz) bands for each eyes-open and eyes-closed epoch, and groups differences from baseline to 1-month in the average differences in the log transformed, absolute power between the eyes-open and eyes-closed conditions will be evaluated.
  • 56. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 12 months post-treatment in electroencephalography power in response to trauma-specific auditory stimuli [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 61 weeks: Baseline, 12-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences in change from baseline to 12 months following the 12-week interventions in change in electroencephalography (EEG) power within alpha- and theta-bands to trauma-specific threatening auditory stimuli compared to non-specific threatening and non-threatening auditory stimuli. For task conditions of interest, EEG power will be calculated separately at each electrode as log transformed, absolute power averages in the delta (1.5-3.5 Hz), theta (4-7.5 Hz), alpha (8-13 Hz), and beta (13.5-25 Hz) bands over time. Tillman GD et al. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and threat memory: selective reduction of combat threat memory p300 response after right frontal-lobe stimulation. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 23(1):40-7, 2011.
  • 57. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 1 month post-treatment in electroencephalography power in response to trauma-specific visual stimuli [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 17 weeks: Baseline, 1-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences in change from baseline to 1 month following the 12-week interventions in change in electroencephalography (EEG) power within alpha- and theta-bands to trauma-specific visual stimuli compared to non-specific threatening and non-threatening visual stimuli. For task conditions of interest, EEG power will be calculated separately at each electrode as log transformed, absolute power averages in the delta (1.5-3.5 Hz), theta (4-7.5 Hz), alpha (8-13 Hz), and beta (13.5-25 Hz) bands over time. DeLaRosa BL et al. Electrophysiological spatiotemporal dynamics during implicit visual threat processing. Brain Cogn 91:54-61, 2014.
  • 58. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 months post-treatment in electroencephalography power in response to trauma-specific visual stimuli [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 37 weeks: Baseline, 6-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 months following the 12-week interventions in change in electroencephalography (EEG) power within alpha- and theta-bands to trauma-specific visual stimuli compared to non-specific threatening and non-threatening visual stimuli. For task conditions of interest, EEG power will be calculated separately at each electrode as log transformed, absolute power averages in the delta (1.5-3.5 Hz), theta (4-7.5 Hz), alpha (8-13 Hz), and beta (13.5-25 Hz) bands over time. DeLaRosa BL et al. Electrophysiological spatiotemporal dynamics during implicit visual threat processing. Brain Cogn 91:54-61, 2014.
  • 59. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 12 months post-treatment in electroencephalography power in response to trauma-specific visual stimuli [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 61 weeks: Baseline, 12-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences in change from baseline to 12 months following the 12-week interventions in change in electroencephalography (EEG) power within alpha- and theta-bands to trauma-specific visual stimuli compared to non-specific threatening and non-threatening visual stimuli. For task conditions of interest, EEG power will be calculated separately at each electrode as log transformed, absolute power averages in the delta (1.5-3.5 Hz), theta (4-7.5 Hz), alpha (8-13 Hz), and beta (13.5-25 Hz) bands over time. DeLaRosa BL et al. Electrophysiological spatiotemporal dynamics during implicit visual threat processing. Brain Cogn 91:54-61, 2014.
  • 60. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 1 month post-treatment in event-related potential responses in inhibitory control [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 17 weeks: Baseline, 1-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences in change from baseline to 1 month following the 12-week interventions in change in event-related potential (ERP) on inhibitory control trials (i.e., No-Go trials on the semantically cued inhibitory control task). Measured as change in microvolts separately on the N2 and P3 ERP components. Maguire MJ et al. The influence of perceptual and semantic categorization on inhibitory processing as measured by the N2-P3 response. Brain Cog 71; 196-203, 2009.
  • 61. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 months post-treatment in event-related potential responses in inhibitory control [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 37 weeks: Baseline, 6-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 months following the 12-week interventions in change in event-related potential (ERP) on inhibitory control trials (i.e., No-Go trials on the semantically cued inhibitory control task). Measured as change in microvolts separately on the N2 and P3 ERP components. Maguire MJ et al. The influence of perceptual and semantic categorization on inhibitory processing as measured by the N2-P3 response. Brain Cog 71; 196-203, 2009.
  • 62. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 12-month post-treatment in event-related potential responses in inhibitory control [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 61 weeks: Baseline, 12-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences in change from baseline to 12 months following the 12-week interventions in change in event-related potential (ERP) on inhibitory control trials (i.e., No-Go trials on the semantically cued inhibitory control task). Measured as change in microvolts separately on the N2 and P3 ERP components. Maguire MJ et al. The influence of perceptual and semantic categorization on inhibitory processing as measured by the N2-P3 response. Brain Cog 71; 196-203, 2009.
  • 63. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 1-month post-treatment in resting-state electroencephalography power [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 17 weeks: Baseline, 1-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences in change from baseline to 1 month following the 12-week interventions in change in resting-state electroencephalography (EEG) power. EEG power will be calculated separately at each electrode as the log transformed, absolute power in the delta (1.5-3.5 Hz), theta (4-7.5 Hz), alpha (8-13 Hz), and beta (13.5-25 Hz) bands for each eyes-open and eyes-closed epoch, and groups differences from baseline to 1-month in the average differences in the log transformed, absolute power between the eyes-open and eyes-closed conditions will be evaluated.
  • 64. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6-months post-treatment trauma-specific responses in blood oxygen level dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 37 weeks: Baseline, 6-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences from baseline to 6 months following the 12-week interventions in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) signal change (mean percent signal-change from the task baseline) to trauma-specific visual stimuli compared to non-specific threatening and non-threatening visual stimuli. Calley CS, et al. Threat as a feature in visual semantic object memory. Hum Brain Mapp. 34(8):1946-55, 2013.
  • 65. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 12 months post-treatment trauma-specific responses in blood oxygen level dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 61 weeks: Baseline, 12-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences from baseline to 12 months following the 12-week interventions in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) signal change (mean percent signal-change from the task baseline) to trauma-specific visual stimuli compared to non-specific threatening and non-threatening visual stimuli. Calley CS, et al. Threat as a feature in visual semantic object memory. Hum Brain Mapp. 34(8):1946-55, 2013.
  • 66. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 6 months post-treatment in resting-state functional connectivity [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 37 weeks: Baseline, 6-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences from baseline to 6 months following the 12-week interventions in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) resting-state connectivity. Group differences in seed-based connectivity indices (mean standardized coherence parameter estimates) with right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, amygdalae, thalamus, and dorsal anterior cingulate as the primary therapeutic targets will be calculated.
  • 67. Treatment group differences in change from baseline to 12 months post-treatment in resting-state functional connectivity [ Time Frame: Outcome measures will be measured twice over a period of 61 weeks: Baseline, 12-Month Post-Treatment ]
    Evaluation of treatment group differences from baseline to 12 months following the 12-week interventions in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) resting-state connectivity. Group differences in seed-based connectivity indices (mean standardized coherence parameter estimates) with right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, amygdalae, thalamus, and dorsal anterior cingulate as the primary therapeutic targets will be calculated.
Eligibility Criteria
  • Ages Eligible for Study: 18 to 60 Years (Adult)
  • Sexes Eligible for Study: All
  • Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- Veterans of Post-9/11 military conflicts

- with diagnosis of PTSD based on CAPS-5 related to Post-9/11 military combat

Exclusion Criteria:

- current enrollment in an acute experimental treatment for PTSD or trauma-focused
psychotherapy treatment

- PTSD-inducing trauma exposure occurring within the last 3 months prior to
pre-enrollment evaluation

- history of epilepsy or seizure disorder, a history of major head trauma,

- any neurologic condition likely to increase risk of seizures,

- brain tumors,

- moderate to severe substance use disorder in last 3 months or any substance use that
puts the participant at increased risk or significant impairment

- stroke, and blood vessel abnormalities in the brain,

- dementia,

- Parkinson's disease, Huntington's chorea, or multiple sclerosis

- a high suicide risk

- a lifetime history of psychotic disorder or bipolar disorder

- inability to stop taking any medication that significantly lowers the seizure
threshold

- pregnant or nursing

- metal fragments in the head, or any metal objects in or near the head that cannot be
safely removed

- We will screen for a history of traumatic brain injury and exclude potential
participants from the study if they have a history of severe TBI or are at high risk
for seizures.

- history of seizures

- non-English speakers because not all of the screening forms, questionnaires, and tests
are available in any language except for English

- cardiac pacemaker, implanted medication pumps of any sort that would increase the risk
of rTMS

- any current medical condition that could preclude being able to safely participate in
TMS treatment,

- use of prescription medication or illegal substances that lower the seizure threshold

- previous rTMS

Contacts and Locations
Contacts

Contact: Elizabeth "Ellen" Morris, PhD 214-883-3179 elizabeth.morris@utdallas.edu

Contact: Jill Ritter, BS 972-883-4853 jill.ritter@utdallas.edu

Locations

United States, Florida
Florida State University College of Medicine
Tallahassee

United States, Texas
Metrocare Services of Dallas
Addison

United States, Texas
The University of Texas at Dallas
Dallas

Sponsors and Collaborators

The University of Texas at Dallas

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Johns Hopkins University

Metrocare Services of Dallas

Florida State University

Investigators

Principal Investigator: John Hart, Jr., MD The University of Texas at Dallas

Principal Investigator: F. Andrew Kozel, MD Florida State University, College of Medicine

Principal Investigator: John Burruss, MD Metrocare Services of Dallas

More Information