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Clinical trial information and results are updated daily from ClinicalTrials.gov. The latest data update was conducted on 06/14/2021.

Effect of a Nutritional Support System for Improving Gross Motor Function in Cerebral Palsy

Clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT03933709

Recruitment Status Completed

First Posted May 1, 2019

Last update posted May 1, 2019

Study Description

Brief summary:

Background: Most patients with cerebral palsy (CP) are dependent on parents due to the spasticity and limitations in their gross motor function. Additionally, many of them do not respond to physical therapy due to deterioration in their nutritional status, which is secondary to gastrointestinal disorders, parasitosis, dysbiosis and the catabolic state of the disease itself. Evidence suggests that greater independence and better clinical response can be achieved by correcting the nutritional status. However, basic treatments only contemplate the calculation of energy requirements and do not consider important nutrients in particular, supplementation with glutamine, arginine, zinc, selenium, colecalciferol, nicotinic acid, spirulina, omega 3, ascorbic acid, vegetal protein or even probiotics. Objective: To determine the effect of using a nutritional support system (NSS) diet, supplements and probiotic on the gross motor function in children with CP with spastic diparesic and Gross Motor Function Classification System III (GMFCS III). Material and methods: In an exploratory study with controlled clinical trial design, 30 patients were randomly assigned to receive: 1) dietary surveillance and conventional therapy (FG), 2) deworming and WHO diet (CG), or 3) deworming and the NSS (IG). The patients were recruited from the Children´s Telethon Rehabilitation Center (CRIT) in Tlalnepantla Estado de México. Males and females aged 4-12 years were included with CP and spastic diparesic GMFCS III, who had a full-time caregiver and whose parents agreed to participate. They were studied for thirteen weeks. Gross motor function was evaluated at baseline and at 7 and 13 weeks after therapy using the GMFM scale.

  • Condition or Disease:Nutrition Disorder, Child
    Gross Motor Development Delay
    Diet Modification
    Neuro: Cerebral Palsy
  • Intervention/Treatment: Dietary Supplement: Nutritional Support System (NSS)
    Other: deworming
    Other: recommended diet
  • Phase: N/A
Detailed Description


Study Design
  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Actual Enrollment: 30 participants
  • Allocation: Randomized
  • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
  • Intervention Model Description: Exploratory Study
  • Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
  • Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Actual Study Start Date: January 2015
  • Actual Primary Completion Date: December 2015
  • Actual Study Completion Date: April 2017
Arms and interventions
Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Intervention Group (IG)
deworming and the Nutritional Support System (NSS)
Dietary Supplement: Nutritional Support System (NSS)
Envelope 1 4.9g of Spirulina, 100mg ascorbic acid, 5mg folic acid and 10mg of glutamine. Was to be added to shake 1 during the first 10 days. Envelope 2 1g PUFAs n-3 and was to be added to shake 2 which was given throughout the intervention. Envelope 3 4.9g of Spirulina Maximum, 100mg ascorbic acid, 5mg folic acid, 5.2g vegetable protein, 125mg nicotinic acid, 50mg zinc, 100 mcg selenium and 800 UI cholecalciferol. Was to be added to shake 1 from day 11 until the end of week 6, after which it was suspended for 10 days and substituted for envelope 5 and then to be retaken until the end of the intervention. Envelope 4. 1g arginine and was to be added to shake 3 from day 8 until the end of the intervention. Envelope 5 contained the same ingredients as envelope 3 with an additional 10mg glutamine and was to be added to shake 1 from the start of week 7 for 10 days, after which envelope 3 was restarted. Probiotic at a dosage of 200 mg every 12 hours for 3 days at the beginning and week 6

Other: deworming
nitazoxanide at a dosage of 7.5 mg / kg every 12 hours for 3 days.
Active Comparator: Control Group (CG)
deworming and WHO diet
Other: deworming
nitazoxanide at a dosage of 7.5 mg / kg every 12 hours for 3 days.

Other: recommended diet
WHO Diet
Outcome Measures
  • Primary Outcome Measures: 1. Change from Gross Motor function Measure at 7 and 13 weeks [ Time Frame: The GMFM scale was performed at baseline time and weeks 7 and 13 after intervention. ]
    This scale assesses five general parameters: Lying (decubitus) and rolling over (GMFAV), Sitting (GMFB), Crawling and kneeling (GMFC), Standing (GMFD), Walking (GMFE) and one final total item (GMFF). The scoring system consists of 88 items and each one is valued based on the following criteria: 0= No, start, Partially Complete, Complete, NE= Not evaluated
Eligibility Criteria
  • Ages Eligible for Study: 4 to 12 Years (Child)
  • Sexes Eligible for Study: All
  • Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients with CP with spastic diparesia and GMFCS III

- Re-entry

- Presence and support of a full-time caregiver

- To tolerate oral feeding

- Parents or guardians agree in writing to participate in the project

- Patients treated at the CRIT of Tlalnepantla Edo. Mex

- That the children, in the case of being able to write, accept in writing to
participate in the project

Exclusion Criteria:

- Presence of any other catabolic disease, which further increases the risk of
malnutrition (renal, cardiovascular, pulmonary, hepatic, immunological)

- Have had infectious problems or have received antibiotic treatment 15 days prior to
the start of the study.

- Have received botulinum toxin therapy in the last 4 months

- Muscle relaxants in the last 6 months

- Severe gastroesophageal reflux

- Patients with any type of surgery performed with a period shorter than 9 months

- That can walk by themselves

Contacts and Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators

Anahuac University


Study Director: Fernando Leal Universidad Anáhuac Norte

More Information
  • Responsible Party: Anahuac University
  • ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03933709 History of Changes
  • Other Study ID Numbers: 2014/03001
  • First Posted: May 1, 2019 Key Record Dates
  • Last Update Posted: May 1, 2019
  • Last Verified: April 2019
  • Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
  • Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
  • Additional relevant MeSH terms: Cerebral Palsy
    Nutrition Disorders
    Child Nutrition Disorders