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Clinical trial information and results are updated daily from ClinicalTrials.gov. The latest data update was conducted on 01/28/2021.

Acute Pain Management in Patients on Opioid Replacement Therapy

Clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT03933865

Recruitment Status Recruiting

First Posted May 1, 2019

Last update posted June 16, 2020

Study Description

Brief summary:

This is an outpatient randomized within subject placebo-controlled human laboratory investigation of analgesia (as assessed with quantitative sensory testing; QST) from ketamine alone and in combination with hydromorphone in buprenorphine maintained participants. The goals of this project are to characterize the analgesic, subjective, and physiologic effects of ketamine combined with hydromorphone in patients on buprenorphine maintenance for opioid use disorder.

  • Condition or Disease:Opioid-use Disorder
    Pain, Acute
  • Intervention/Treatment: Drug: HYDROmorphone Injectable Solution
    Drug: Ketamine
    Drug: Placebos
  • Phase: Phase 1
Detailed Description

Eligible participants will have 8 sessions where they will receive two IM injections.The dose of ketamine will be manipulated (0 mg/kg to 0.4 mg/kg) across sessions. The dose of hydromorphone will either be 0 mg or 8 mg. Therefore, participants will be exposed to ascending doses of ketamine with and without hydromorphone. Order of study medications will be randomized for each participant by an un-blinded statistician and transmitted securely to study pharmacist in charge of medication administration. This study will provide unique information on optimal hydromorphone-ketamine dosing strategies for acute pain management. in buprenorphine maintained patients. Each session will take place 17 hours after the last buprenorphine dose (trough levels) to control for time since last dose. Sessions will be held on a dedicated unit for human subjects clinical research at Zuckerberg San Francisco General and include two IM injections of study medication given 15 minutes apart by blinded nursing staff. Study sessions will each last approximately 5 hours. Sessions will take place 1-2x weekly and must be separated by at least 72 hours to allow for drug wash-out. QST outcomes will be measured at baseline, as well as 15, 75, 135, and 195 minutes after injection #2 for each session. In addition, abuse liability outcomes will be measured at baseline (if required) and at 15, 75, 135, and 195 minutes after injection #2 for each session. Blood will be drawn to evaluate baseline buprenorphine /norbuprenorphine levels. Then, PK analyses will be done for ketamine, norketamine and hydromorphone. Blood will be drawn at baseline as well as 15, 75, 135, and 195 minutes after injection #2. Primary outcome will be analgesia as assessed by QST. The use of various QST measures which assess acute anti-nociception as well as central modification of pain processing will allow us to evaluate whether overall analgesia results from blocking of nociceptor signaling and/or changes to central pain facilitation to better understand the mechanism of ketamine-hydromorphone combinations.

Study Design
  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Estimated Enrollment: 100 participants
  • Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
  • Intervention Model Description: This is an outpatient randomized within subject placebo-controlled human laboratory investigation of analgesia (as assessed with quantitative sensory testing) from ketamine alone and in combination with hydromorphone in buprenorphine maintained participants.
  • Masking: None (Open Label) ()
  • Primary Purpose: Basic Science
  • Official Title: Acute Pain Management in Patients on Opioid Replacement Therapy
  • Actual Study Start Date: October 2018
  • Estimated Primary Completion Date: October 2023
  • Estimated Study Completion Date: November 2023
Arms and interventions
Arm Intervention/treatment
Other: Buprenorphine Maintained Patients
All participants will be maintained on buprenoprhine for the treatment of opioid use disorder. All participants will be exposed to all 8 study drug combinations
Drug: HYDROmorphone Injectable Solution
Hydromorphone will be given via intramuscular injection (8 mg)

Drug: Ketamine
Ketamine will be given via intramuscular injection (0.1, 0.2 or 0.4 mg/kg)

Drug: Placebos
Placebo will be normal saline solution given via intramuscular injection.
Outcome Measures
  • Primary Outcome Measures: 1. peak change in cold pressor tolerance [ Time Frame: 1 day per session ]
    The amount of time (seconds) a participant can keep hand in cold water bath before pain becomes unbearable. The change will be the highest value after study medications have been administered subtracted from the session baseline.
  • Secondary Outcome Measures: 1. peak change in cold pressor threshold [ Time Frame: 1 day per session ]
    The time (seconds) at which pain first develops after placing hand in cold water bath. The change will be the highest value after study medications have been administered subtracted from the session baseline.
  • 2. peak change in conditioned pain modulation (CPM) [ Time Frame: 1 day per session ]
    Responses to a brief pressure pain stimulus are evaluated alone and then re-assessed during application of a tonic noxious stimulus (hand in water bath) using validated procedures. The peak change in CPM outcome will be a difference in differences score: the largest value of CPM after study medications have been administered subtracted from CPM at baseline
  • Other Outcome Measures: 1. Peak Drug Liking Visual Analog Scale [ Time Frame: 1 day per session ]
    The participant positions an arrow along a line (labeled from 0 to 100) using the keypad to indicate his or her answer of how s/he likes the drug(s) at that moment.
Eligibility Criteria
  • Ages Eligible for Study: 18 to 60 Years (Adult)
  • Sexes Eligible for Study: All
  • Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Males and females aged 18-60 years of age, inclusive.

2. Maintained on stable buprenorphine/naloxone (Suboxone®) dose for at least 30 days
prior to screening, with total daily dose >=4 mg and =2.9 and <=17.2 mg). Participant must agree to stay on this dose for duration of study participation. 3. Urine toxicology screen negative for drugs of abuse but positive for buprenorphine. 4. Willing and able to speak, read and understand English. 5. Able and willing to perform/tolerate QST. Persons who can tolerate cold pressor testing for 5 minutes will be disqualified. 6. Willing to abstain from analgesic medications (other than buprenorphine) for 24 hours prior to each session. 7. Written informed consent obtained from participant and ability for participant to comply with the requirements of the study. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Current alcohol or sedative-hypnotic use disorder as assessed by the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. 2. Presence of acute or chronic pain as determined by medical history and physical examination and score of 0 on pain VAS at the start of experimental sessions. 3. Medical or psychiatric condition known to influence QST (e.g. HIV, peripheral neuropathy, Schizophrenia, Raynaud's syndrome). 4. Women who are pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning on becoming pregnant during course of trial. Women must be using effective birth control and will receive pregnancy tests before each session. 5. Poor venous access as an IV catheter will be used for blood draws during sessions. 6. Past history of psychotic disorder (as assessed through MINI). 7. Uncontrolled hypertension or clinically significant ECG abnormality. 8. History of allergy or significant adverse reaction to hydromorphone or ketamine. 9. Significant contraindication to ketamine use (active psychosis, uncontrolled hypertension, past or current ketamine use disorder, cardiovascular disease, glaucoma, active pulmonary infection or disease).

Contacts and Locations
Contacts

Contact: Charlotte Evans 415-206-3365 charlotte.evans@ucsf.edu

Locations

United States, California
Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital
San Francisco

Sponsors and Collaborators

University of California, San Francisco

Investigators

Principal Investigator: D. Andrew Tompkins, MD MHS University of California, San Francisco

More Information
  • Responsible Party: University of California, San Francisco
  • ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03933865 History of Changes
  • Other Study ID Numbers: Z-1701
  • First Posted: May 1, 2019 Key Record Dates
  • Last Update Posted: June 16, 2020
  • Last Verified: June 2020
  • Individual Participant
    Data (IPD) Sharing
    Statement:
  • Plan to Share IPD: No
  • Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
  • Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
  • Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
  • Keywords provided by University of California, San Francisco: buprenorphine
    quantitative sensory testing
    cold pressor
    abuse liability
    ketamine
    hydromorphone
  • Additional relevant MeSH terms: Acute Pain