About Bolder Science

Our mission is to provide healthcare professionals with unbiased clinical research information, easily.

Currently, you can access the following clinical trials being conducted worldwide:

359,057 studies
in
219 countries
Clinical trial information and results are updated daily from ClinicalTrials.gov. The latest data update was conducted on 01/24/2021.
This website is for US healthcare professionals

Log In to Bolder Science

or

Don't have an account? Sign Up

Please enter your email address.

You will receive a link to create a new password via email.

Log In

Create an Account

or
(optional) ?

Welcome, !

Please complete the following 4 questions to ensure you receive the information that best suits your needs.

Clinical Trials of Interest

When I’m looking for information on clinical trials, I usually am interested in...

finding clinical trials in which to enroll my patients

Rarely Often

finding newly launched clinical trials (for all phases)

Rarely Often

updates on status changes for clinical trials

Rarely Often

pipeline molecules

Rarely Often

Drug Interventions

Enter up to 3 drug interventions you are currently interested in:

Clinical trial information and results are updated daily from ClinicalTrials.gov. The latest data update was conducted on 01/24/2021.

Determination of Pre-Absorptive Dissociation of Zinc From a Zinc Amino Acid Complex in Healthy Men

Clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT03934346

Recruitment Status Completed

First Posted May 1, 2019

Last update posted January 22, 2020

Study Description

Brief summary:

Zinc may be absorbed from diet via zinc transporter mediated pathways, or, when coupled with amino acids, via amino acid transporter pathways. When zinc is coupled with amino acids in diet, it may dissociate from those amino acids in the acidic environment of the stomach prior to entering the small intestine. An experimentally-determined value for any pre-absorptive dissociation of zinc from a zinc amino acid complex (ZnAA) is necessary for the accurate compartmental modeling of zinc metabolism when provided as ZnAA compared with ionic zinc, which the investigators will perform in a future study. The current study will allow us to determine the dissociation of zinc from ZnAA, while serving as a pilot test of a novel technique to determine for the first time an individual's zinc transport kinetics.

  • Condition or Disease:Fractional Zinc Absorption
  • Intervention/Treatment: Other: Zinc amino acid complex
  • Phase: N/A
Detailed Description

An experimentally-determined value for any pre-absorptive dissociation of zinc from ZnAA is necessary for the accurate compartmental modeling of zinc metabolism when provided as ZnAA compared with zinc chloride, which the investigators will perform in a future study. The current study will allow us to determine the pre-absorptive dissociation of zinc from ZnAA, while serving as a pilot test of a novel technique to determine for the first time an individual's zinc transport kinetics. Since zinc absorption kinetics follow a saturable process, the zinc transport maximum (Tr_max) and transport rate (K_Tr) can be determined by fitting Hill transport equation to measurements of absorbed zinc at 3 or more levels of zinc intake (mg zinc/d): Total Absorbed Zinc (TAZ) = (Zinc Intake * Tr_max) / (Zinc Intake + K_Tr) Although population data have been used to estimate zinc transport kinetics (Tran, et al. AJCN 2004), Tr_max and K_tr have never been determined in individual subjects. The investigators plan to determine the fractional zinc absorption (FZA) from multiple levels of dietary zinc in rapid succession (Chung, et al. AJCN 2004) and, therefore, estimate an individual's transport maximum and rate, Tr_max and K_Tr. Once Tr_max and K_Tr are known, the FZA can be used to determine an unknown zinc intake from zinc chloride and any zinc dissociated from the ZnAA complex using the following equation: Zinc Intake = (Tr_max / FZA) - K_Tr Since zinc that dissociates from the ZnAA complex will compete for absorption with the inorganic zinc stable isotopic oral tracer (70-zinc chloride), reducing the amount of that tracer absorbed, the investigators can therefore determine the total zinc intake (the sum of the known zinc in the controlled study diet and the unknown quantity of zinc dissociated from ZnAA pre-absorption) based on the transport kinetics (FZA, Tr_max and KTr). In other words, for the meal with added ZnAA, the zinc intake is the sum of the zinc in the test meal (3.6 mg zinc and 0.4 mg 70-Zn tracer) and the zinc that dissociates from the ZnAA complex pre-absorption. Since the intact ZnAA (i.e. that zinc that does not dissociate pre-absorption from the ZnAA complex) is absorbed by a different transport mechanism (Sauer, et al. Biometals 2017), it does not compete with the stable isotope tracer for absorption via zinc cation transporters and is, therefore, not part of the "zinc intake" for the purpose of these calculations. If the hypothesized 20% dissociation is correct (i.e. 3 mg zinc dissociated from an initial 15 mg ZnAA), the total amount of ionic zinc will be 7 mg (the 3.6 mg base diet, 0.4 mg zinc stable isotope tracer, and 3 mg dissociated zinc), and the FZA will therefore be the same as that from a 7 mg test diet (the 3.6 mg base diet, 0.4 mg zinc tracer, and 3 mg zinc as zinc chloride).

Study Design
  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Actual Enrollment: 13 participants
  • Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
  • Intervention Model Description: Nonlinear regression of fractional zinc absorption from 3 test diets using the Hill transport equation, and determination of an unknown amount of zinc based on fractional absorption from a single test diet. Order of the four test diets is randomized, with the constraint that the same oral zinc stable isotope tracer is not given on consecutive days.
  • Masking: None (Open Label) ()
  • Primary Purpose: Basic Science
  • Official Title: Determination of Pre-Absorptive Dissociation of Zinc From a Zinc Amino Acid Complex in Healthy Men
  • Actual Study Start Date: June 2019
  • Actual Primary Completion Date: December 2019
  • Actual Study Completion Date: December 2019
Arms and interventions
Arm Intervention/treatment
Other: Zinc transport kinetics
Three different amounts of dietary zinc are used in the creation of a standard curve for determining zinc absorption kinetics: 4 mg, 7 mg, and 15 mg of zinc.
Other: Zinc amino acid complex
Zinc in the form of a Zinc Amino Acid Complex (ZnAA) is provided with a test diet, and the amount of zinc that dissociates from the ZnAA and is thus absorbed via an ionic zinc transport pathway is determined based on the Hill transport kinetics for the respective subject.
Outcome Measures
  • Primary Outcome Measures: 1. Zinc Transport Curve [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ]
    The saturable zinc transport curve determined by fitting the zinc absorption data to the Hill transport equation
  • 2. Dissociated Amino Acid Zinc [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ]
    Amount of zinc dissociated from the ZnAA prior to absorption
Eligibility Criteria
  • Ages Eligible for Study: 18 to 50 Years (Adult)
  • Sexes Eligible for Study: Male
  • Accepts Healthy Volunteers: Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- Apparently healthy men

- Body mass index between 18 and 30 kg/m2

- Willing to eat only the foods provided by the study for a 2 week period

Exclusion Criteria:

- Those reporting any chronic or acute diseases, food allergies, smoking or alcohol
abuse

- Use of illicit drugs; regular consumption of medications, micronutrient supplements,
or both

- Vegetarians, or those unable to eat meat, are also excluded since the foods for the
study contain meat

- Unable to refrain from taking medications during the study period

Contacts and Locations
Contacts
Locations

United States, California
Children's Hospital and Research Center Oakland
Oakland

Sponsors and Collaborators

UCSF Benioff Children’s Hospital Oakland

Investigators

Principal Investigator: Andrew G Hall, Ph.D. UCSF Benioff Children’s Hospital Oakland