May 1, 2019
March 10, 2021
This is a pragmatic randomized controlled study comparing existing linkage to care and retention (LTCR) services to an mHealth-enhanced linkage to care and retention (mLTCR) protocol.
Baltimore's HIV prevalence rate (586/100,000) is among the top 5 in metropolitan areas in the US, and disparities are profound. African Americans have an HIV prevalence that is 5 times higher than among whites, and account for 78% of all HIV cases. Latinxs also have a higher prevalence of HIV than whites and are at the highest risk for late HIV diagnosis among all racial/ethnic groups. In addition, HIV viral load suppression, which is the best predictor of long-term survival among HIV-infected patients, is substantially lower among minority populations in Baltimore. The overall goal of this proposal is to evaluate whether mHealth-enhanced Linkage to Care and Retention (mLTCR) can improve HIV outcomes among HIV-infected African Americans and Latinos compared to standard Linkage to Care and Retention (LTCR) programs. The mHealth-enhancement consists of two smartphone applications (app), one for patients and one for patient supporters (e.g. linkage officers, patient navigators, nurses, etc.), to help facilitate communication. Communication will focus on issues related to HIV care (e.g. appointment scheduling, transportation), as well as patient-directed requests. Using HIV surveillance data (e.g. unsuppressed HIV viral load), patient supporters will be automatically alerted if a patient has a high viral load and prompted to contact the patient. In addition to appointment reminders, patients will receive positive reinforcement behavioral text messages.
The mLTCR intervention consists of two smartphone applications (app), one for patients and one for patient supporters, to help facilitate communication.
mHealth-enhanced Linkage to Care and Retention
|Active Comparator: LTC
Existing linkage to care and retention (LTCR) services which are standard-of-care
Linkage and Retention Services (Standard-of-Care)
- ≥ 18 years of age
- Ability to provide consent
- Identified by BCHD Linkage protocol to be a new HIV diagnosis or HIV-infected and "out
- Identified by participating clinics as needing patient support services
- Not able to provide consent.
Contact: Kathleen Page, MD (410) 614-1814 email@example.com
United States, Maryland
Baltimore City Health Department
Johns Hopkins University
Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute
Principal Investigator: Kathleen W Page Johns Hopkins School of Medicine