About Bolder Science

Our mission is to provide healthcare professionals with unbiased clinical research information, easily.

Currently, you can access the following clinical trials being conducted worldwide:

359,057 studies
in
219 countries
Clinical trial information and results are updated daily from ClinicalTrials.gov. The latest data update was conducted on 01/28/2021.
This website is for US healthcare professionals

Log In to Bolder Science

or

Don't have an account? Sign Up

Please enter your email address.

You will receive a link to create a new password via email.

Log In

Create an Account

or
(optional) ?

Welcome, !

Please complete the following 4 questions to ensure you receive the information that best suits your needs.

Clinical Trials of Interest

When I’m looking for information on clinical trials, I usually am interested in...

finding clinical trials in which to enroll my patients

Rarely Often

finding newly launched clinical trials (for all phases)

Rarely Often

updates on status changes for clinical trials

Rarely Often

pipeline molecules

Rarely Often

Drug Interventions

Enter up to 3 drug interventions you are currently interested in:

Clinical trial information and results are updated daily from ClinicalTrials.gov. The latest data update was conducted on 01/28/2021.

Nutrition and Constipation at Inguinal Hernia Patients

Clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT03937739

Recruitment Status Completed

First Posted May 6, 2019

Last update posted May 6, 2019

Study Description

Brief summary:

There are lots of inguinal hernia risk factors determined in the literature. But the relationship between nutritional status and inguinal hernia were not examined yet. In this study the investigators evaluated the constipation scale and food consumption of the inguinal hernia patients. This Case-Control study was performed between March 2018- March 2019. The patients who admitted for operation with inguinal hernia were the case group (n:115) and the patients who were admitted to the same hospital without inguinal hernia were control group (n:88). The age, body mass index, alcohol and smoking habits, daily activity, frequency of food consumption and the Wexner constipation scoring were examined using questionnaire were noted.

  • Condition or Disease:Nutrition
    Constipation
    Inguinal Hernia
  • Intervention/Treatment: Other: Nutritional and constipation questionnaire
  • Phase: N/A
Detailed Description

Inguinal hernia is the most common type of abdominal wall hernias and the prevalence is estimated as 5-10% in United States. Although many risk factors have been defined for inguinal hernia, family history of inguinal hernia has been reported to be one of the most important factors. In addition to this, advanced age, male gender, smoking, chronic cough causing intraabdominal pressure increase, and chronic constipation are the risk factors. The hernias may recur according to the causes they originate from the reasons they originate in the early or late period after treatment.In this study, constipation and nutritional status of inguinal hernia patients were evaluated and it was aimed to examine the relationship between inguinal hernia and nutrition which has not been previously evaluated in the literature. This Case-Control study was performed between March 2018- March 2019. The patients who admitted to the general surgery for operation with inguinal hernia were the case group of this study (n:115). Also, the patients who were admitted to the same hospital with such as eye, ear/nose/throat, dermatologic diseases or elective surgeries and did not have any inguinal hernia complaints, constipation and other chronic disease which could increase the intra abdominal pressure selected as control group (n:88). Written informed consent was obtained from each participant. The numbers of cases and controls were matched based gender and age in each group. The age, gender, body mass index, alcohol and smoking habits, daily activity, frequency of food consumption and the constipation scoring according to Wexner constipation scoring were examined using questionnaire. The demographic data, nutritional status and the constipation scores were compared among individuals to identify differences between these two groups.

Study Design
  • Study Type: Observational
  • Actual Enrollment: 203 participants
  • Observational Model: Case-Control
  • Time Perspective: Prospective
  • Official Title: Nutritional Status and Constipation Scoring for Inguinal Hernia Patients; A Case-Control Study.
  • Actual Study Start Date: March 2018
  • Actual Primary Completion Date: March 2019
  • Actual Study Completion Date: April 2019
Groups and Cohorts
Groups/Cohorts Intervention/treatment
: Group 1: Case group,
The patients who admitted to the general surgery for operation with inguinal hernia were the case group of this study.
Other: Nutritional and constipation questionnaire
Alcohol and smoking habits, daily activity, frequency of food consumption and the constipation scoring according to Agachan et all. were examined using questionnaire
: Group 2: Control group,
The patients who were admitted to the same hospital with such as eye, ear/nose/throat, dermatologic diseases or elective surgeries and did not have any inguinal hernia complaints, constipation and other chronic disease which could increase the intra abdominal pressure selected as control group.
Other: Nutritional and constipation questionnaire
Alcohol and smoking habits, daily activity, frequency of food consumption and the constipation scoring according to Agachan et all. were examined using questionnaire
Outcome Measures
  • Primary Outcome Measures: 1. Nutritional frequency [ Time Frame: 1 week ]
    Food consumption questionnaire with; Daily cheese consumption (gram) Daily red meat consumption (gram) Daily chicken consumption (gram) Daily fish consumption (gram) Daily salami- sausage consumption (gram) Daily giblets (Liver, kidney etc.) consumption (gram) Daily egg consumption (gram) Daily nuts consumption (gram) Daily legumes consumption (gram) Daily bread consumption (gram) Daily rice-pasta consumption (gram) Daily vegetable consumption (gram) Daily fruit consumption (gram) Daily fastfood consumption (gram)
  • 2. Physical activity [ Time Frame: 1 week ]
    Regular physical activity (minute/week)
  • 3. Smoking and alcohol use [ Time Frame: 1 week ]
    Number of daily cigarette usage Glass of daily alcohol use
  • Secondary Outcome Measures: 1. Constipation scoring [ Time Frame: 1 week ]
    Constipation scoring according to Wexner constipation scale with a 8 question questionnaire. First seven questions have 0 to 4 point and the last question has 0 to 2 point in the scoring system. All of these points summed and the minimum and maximum total score is 0 to 30. In this scoring system total score which is above 15 point is significant for constipation.
Eligibility Criteria
  • Ages Eligible for Study: 18 to 80 Years (Adult, Older Adult)
  • Sexes Eligible for Study: All
  • Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No
  • Sampling Method: Non-Probability Sample
  • Study Population: The patients who admitted to the general surgery for operation with inguinal hernia were the case group of this study. Also, the patients who were admitted to the same hospital with such as eye, ear/nose/throat, dermatologic diseases or elective surgeries and did not have any inguinal hernia complaints, constipation and other chronic disease which could increase the intra abdominal pressure selected as control group.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- Clinical diagnosis of Inguinal Hernia

Exclusion Criteria:

- Cancer

- Pregnancy

- Chronic liver diseases

- Previous abdominal surgery history

- Femoral hernia

- Bilateral inguinal hernia

- Weight loss above the 20% of the body weight in the last 6 months

Contacts and Locations
Contacts
Locations

Turkey
Istanbul University
Istanbul

Turkey
Istanbul Training and Research Hospital
Istanbul

Sponsors and Collaborators

Istanbul University

Istanbul Training and Research Hospital

Investigators

Study Director: Cemile Idiz, Ph.D Itanbul University

More Information