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Clinical trial information and results are updated daily from ClinicalTrials.gov. The latest data update was conducted on 01/16/2021.

Combined Treatment of Durvalumab, Bevacizumab, Tremelimumab and Transarterial Chemoembolization (TACE) in Subjects With Hepatocellular Carcinoma or Biliary Tract Carcinoma

Clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT03937830

Recruitment Status Not yet recruiting

First Posted May 6, 2019

Last update posted October 13, 2020

Study Description

Brief summary:

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common cancer in the world. Most people with advanced HCC survive an average of 6 to 9 months. Researchers are evaluating a combination of treatment drugs to delay the progression of HCC; aiming to help people with HCC live longer. Objective: To study the 6-month progression-free survival in people with advanced HCC treated with bevacizumab, durvalumab, and TACE. Eligibility: Adults ages 18 and older with intermediate or advanced HCC Design: Participants will be screened with a physical exam and medical history. They will have tests to evaluate their hearts as well as blood and urine. A CT and/or MRI scans will be done during the study. If a prior tumor sample is not available; participants may undergo a biopsy. They may undergo an endoscopy of their esophagus and stomach. Participants will get the study drugs in 21-day cycles: Two treatment drugs will be injected into a vein every 3 weeks. Patients will have an interventional treatment procedure done by interventional radiology under sedation; chemotherapy beads will be infused into artery branches in the liver. Participants may have to stay in the hospital for 24 hours for observation, after this procedure. This interventional procedure may be done more than once during the study. Participants may need to repeat some of the screening tests throughout the study. Participants may have to stop taking some of their cancer treatment drugs during the study. Participants will continue on the study until their cancer progresses or until the side effects of the treatment drugs are not tolerable....

  • Condition or Disease:Heptocellular Cancer
    Heptocellular Carcinoma
    Metastatic Hepatocellular Carcinoma
  • Intervention/Treatment: Drug: durvalumab
    Drug: Doxorubicin-Eluting Beads
    Procedure: TACE
    Drug: bevacizumab
    Drug: Tremelimumab
  • Phase: Phase 2
Detailed Description

Background: - Worldwide, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fourth most common cause of cancer related death with a median survival of 6-9 months. - Biliary tract carcinoma (BTC) is relatively uncommon and includes cancers of the gallbladder and intra- and extra-hepatic biliary ductal system, although periampullary tumors are often considered part of this group as well. - A class of agents that in the recent years has been at the epicenter of immunotherapy approaches in gastrointestinal malignancies are the monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against the immune checkpoint inhibitors CTLA4, PD-1 and PD-L1. - Durvalumab is a human monoclonal antibody of the immunoglobulin G1 kappa (IgG1 ) subclass. Durvalumab inhibits binding of programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) to programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) and CD80. Anti-PD-L1 antibodies directly target tumor cells and are expected to have less adverse events in comparison with anti-PD-1 antibodies that target effector T-cells in the tumor microenvironment. - Tremelimumab is a-uman IgG2 mAb directed against CTLA-4. Tremelimumab blocks the inhibitory effect of CTLA-4, and therefore enhances T cell activation. - Angiogenesis is defined as the formation of new blood capillaries, which is a complex process that promotes vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and other proangiogenic factor expression, thus enhancing metastasis. Inhibition of VEGF function by bevacizumab can lead to the inhibition of the new blood vessels formation surrounding a tumor, and consequently arrest the tumor growth by depriving essential nutrients and oxygen. - TACE has been shown to induce anti-tumor immunity. - Early phase studies have shown that anti-VEGF treatment with bevacizumab in combination with TACE decreases neovascular formation. - We have previously shown that locoregional therapies can be safely combined with immune checkpoint blockade. There are also preclinical data suggesting that anti-VEGF therapy may target myeloid cells with suppressor activity. Objectives: - To evaluate the 6-month progression free survival (PFS) in patients with advanced HCC BCLC stage B treated with bevacizumab, durvalumab, tremelimumab and TACE. - To evaluate the 6-month PFS in patients with BTC and HCC BCLC stage C treated with bevacizumab, durvalumab and tremelimumab. Eligibility: - Histopathological confirmation of HCC or BTC or histopathological confirmation of carcinoma in the setting of clinical and radiological characteristics which, together with the pathology, are highly suggestive of a diagnosis of BTC. - Patients must have evaluable or measurable disease per RECIST 1.1. - Patients must have disease that is not amenable to potentially curative resection, radiofrequency ablation, or liver transplantation. Design: -This is an open label Phase II trial conducted to evaluate efficacy of durvalumab, bevacizumab and tremelimumab combined treatment in patients with advanced HCC BCLC stage C or BTC and efficacy of durvalumab, bevacizumab, tremelimumab and TACE combined treatment in patients with advanced HCC BCLC stage B. - Initially 3-6 patients with HCC BCLC Stage C or BTC will be enrolled into safety run-in of Arm 1 to determine the safety of combined treatment of durvalumab, bevacizumab and tremelimumab. - Once safety has been determined, subsequent patients with HCC BCLC Stage C and BTC will be enrolled in Arm 1 and patients with HCC BCLC Stage B will start enrollment into Arm 2, consistent of durvalumab, bevacizumab, tremelimumab and multiple TACE procedures. -Treatment will continue until progression or unbearable toxicity.

Study Design
  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Estimated Enrollment: 22 participants
  • Allocation: Non-Randomized
  • Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
  • Masking: None (Open Label) ()
  • Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Official Title: A Phase II Study of Combined Treatment of Durvalumab, Bevacizuamab, Tremelimumab and Transarterial Chemoembolization (TACE) in Subjects With Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC)or Biliary Tract Carcinoma (BTC)
  • Estimated Study Start Date: October 2020
  • Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2022
  • Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2022
Arms and interventions
Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1/ Arm 1
Durvalumab, bevacizumab and tremelimumab
Drug: durvalumab
1,150 mg flat dose every 21 days, starting on day 1 of cycle 1

Drug: bevacizumab
7.5 mg/kg dose every 21 days, starting on day 1 of cycle 1

Drug: Tremelimumab
300 mg once on day 1 of cycle 1
Experimental: 2/ Arm 2
Durvalumab, bevacizumab, tremelimumab and TACE
Drug: durvalumab
1,150 mg flat dose every 21 days, starting on day 1 of cycle 1

Drug: Doxorubicin-Eluting Beads
used for TACE (only in patients with HCC BCLC stage B)

Procedure: TACE
TACE with Doxorubicin-Eluting Beads (only in patients with HCC BCLC stage B) on Cycle 2. More TACE can be done if clinically necessary.

Drug: bevacizumab
7.5 mg/kg dose every 21 days, starting on day 1 of cycle 1

Drug: Tremelimumab
300 mg once on day 1 of cycle 1
Outcome Measures
  • Primary Outcome Measures: 1. To evaluate the 6-month progression free survival (PFS) in patients with advanced HCC BCLC stage B treated with bevacizumab, durvalumab, tremelimumab and TACE [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Proportion of patients with advanced HCC BCLC stage B that have progressive disease after 6 months
  • 2. To evaluate the 6-month PFS in patients with BTC and HCC BCLC stage C treated with bevacizumab, durvalumab and tremelimumab [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Proportion of patients with BTC and HCC BCLC stage C that have progressive disease after 6 months
  • Secondary Outcome Measures: 1. To determine the best overall response (BOR) rate according to Response Evaluation Criteria (RECIST 1.1) in patients with advanced HCC and BTC [ Time Frame: every 9 weeks ]
    Proportion of patients whose tumors shrunk after therapy
  • 2. To characterize overall survival (OS) in patients with advanced HCC and BTC treated on this study [ Time Frame: death ]
    Median amount of time subject survives after therapy
  • 3. To determine the safety and feasibility of bevacizumab, durvalumab, tremelimumab and TACE in patients with advanced HCC [ Time Frame: every visit to clinical center ]
    List of adverse event type, grade and frequency
  • 4. To determine the safety and feasibility of bevacizumab, durvalumab, tremelimumab in patients with advanced BTC [ Time Frame: every visit to clinical center ]
    List of adverse event type, grade and frequency
Eligibility Criteria
  • Ages Eligible for Study: 18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)
  • Sexes Eligible for Study: All
  • Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No
Criteria

- INCLUSION CRITERIA:

- Patients must have:

- histopathological confirmation of HCC by the NCI Laboratory of Pathology (Cohorts

1. and 3)

OR

- histopathological confirmation of BTC or histopathological confirmation of
carcinoma by the NCI Laboratory of Pathology in the setting of clinical and
radiological characteristics which, together with the pathology, are highly
suggestive of a diagnosis of BTC (Cohort 2).

- Patients should have have progressed on standard of care chemotherapy or been
intolerant of or refused standard treatment.

- Patients must have disease that is not amenable to potentially curative resection,
radiofrequency ablation, or liver transplantation

- Patients must have evaluable or measurable disease per RECIST 1.1

- Patients must have at least one lesion accessible for TACE (Cohort 3)

- Patients must have lesions accessible for biopsy and be willing to undergo pre- and
posttreatment biopsies

- ECOG performance status of 0 to 1

- If liver cirrhosis is present, patient must have a Child-Pugh score <7 - Subjects with HCC must have BCLC C (Cohort 1) or BCLC B (Cohort 3) - Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below: - absolute neutrophil count greater than or equal to 1,000/mcL - platelets greater than or equal to 60,000/mcL - total bilirubin:if cirrhosis present: Part of Child Pugh requirement-If no cirrhosis: bilirubin should be less than or equal to 2 XULN - ALT or AST up to 5 x ULN - Creatinine OR measured or calcutated Creatinine clearance (crCl) (eGFR may Also be used in place of CrCl) A: less than the institutional limit of normal OR greater than or equal to 45/mL/1.73 m^2 for participant with creatinine levels greater than or equal to 1.5 X institutional ULN - No proteinuria: Urine dipstick <2. Patients discovered to have greater than or equal to 2 + proteinuria on dipstick analysis should undergo a 24-hour urine collection and must demonstrate less than or equal to 1g of protein in 24 hours to be eligible - Coagulation: PT/aPTT within normal range - Age greater than or equal to 18 years - Patients must have recovered from any acute toxicity related to prior therapy, including surgery. Toxicity should be less than or equal to grade 1. - The effects of study drugs on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study treatment and up to 90 days after the last dose of the study drug(s). Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. - Patient must be able to understand and willing to sign a written informed consent document. - HBV infected subjects must be on antivirals and have HBV DNA 30kg

- Patient must be able to understand and willing to sign a written informed consent
document.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

- Patients who have had standard-of-care anti-cancer therapy or therapy with
investigational agents (e.g. chemotherapy, endocrine therapy, targeted therapy,
biologic therapy, tumor embolization, monoclonal antibodies or other investigation
agents) or large field radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to treatment initiation.

- Major surgery within 6 weeks prior to treatment initiation. Minor procedures (e.g.
port placement, endoscopy with intervention) within 4 weeks prior to treatment
initiation.

- Active central nervous system metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Patients
with known active brain metastases will be excluded from this clinical trial because
of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic
dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events

- Metastatic disease that involves major airways or blood vessels, or centrally located
mediastinal tumor masses.

- Medical condition that requires chronic systemic steroid therapy, or any other form of
immunosuppressive medication (inhaled and topical steroids are permitted).

- Chronic daily treatment with a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).

- A prior bleeding event due to esophageal and/or gastric varices within 6 months prior
to initiation of study treatment.

- Inadequately controlled arterial hypertension (defined as systolic blood pressure (BP)
> 150 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure > 100 mmHg), based on an average of 3 BP
readings on 2 sessions. Note: anti-hypertensive therapy to achieve these parameters is
allowable.

- Prior history of hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy

- Significant vascular disease (e.g., aortic aneurysm requiring surgical repair or
recent peripheral arterial thrombosis) within 6 months prior to initiation of study
treatment

- Evidence of bleeding diathesis or significant coagulopathy (in the absence of
therapeutic anticoagulation)

- Current or recent (within 10 days of first dose of study treatment) use of aspirin

- (> 325 mg/day) or treatment with dipyramidole, ticlopidine, clopidogrel, and
cilostazol

- Current or recent (within 10 days prior to study treatment start) use of full-dose
oral or parenteral anticoagulants or thrombolytic agents for therapeutic (as opposed
to prophylactic) purpose. Note: prophylactic anticoagulation for the patency of venous
access devices is allowed provided the activity of the agent results in an INR 2.5 mL of bright red blood per episode) within 1 month prior
to treatment initiation.

- Serious, non-healing wound, active ulcer, or untreated bone fracture.

- HIV-positive patients are excluded because HIV causes complicated immune deficiency
and study treatment can pose more risks for these patients.

- History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to any monoclonal antibody.

- Congestive heart failure, transmural myocardial infarction, angina pectoris requiring
medication, clinically significant valvular disease, high-risk arrhythmia within 12
months prior to treatment initiation. Prior history of hypertensive crisis or
hypertensive encephalopathy.

- Prior invasive malignancies within the past 5 years prior to treatment initiation
(with the exception of non-melanoma skin cancers, non-invasive bladder cancer or
localized prostate cancer for whom systemic therapy is not required)

- Active or history of inflammatory bowel disease (colitis, Crohn s), irritable bowel
disease, celiac disease, or other serious, chronic, gastrointestinal conditions
associated with diarrhea.

- History of abdominal fistula or gastrointestinal perforation within 6 months prior to
initiation of study treatment.

- History of chronic autoimmune disease (e.g., Addison s disease, multiple sclerosis,
Graves disease, Hashimoto s thyroiditis, rheumatoid arthritis, hypophysitis, systemic
lupus erythematosus, Wegener s granulomatosis, sarcoidosis syndrome etc.) or other
connective tissue diseases with symptomatic disease within the 3 years of initiation
of study treatment. Note: Active vitiligo or a history of vitiligo will not be a basis
for exclusion.

- Diverticulitis either active or history of within 2 years of initiation of study
treatment. Note that diverticulosis is permitted.

- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active
infection or psychiatric illness/social situations that may impair the patient s
tolerance of study treatments.

- Received any live vaccine within the last 30 days.

- Patients who have undergone prior liver transplantation.

- Pregnant women are excluded from this study because durvalumab s and bevacizumab s
potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects is unknown. Because there is an
unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to
treatment of the mother with durvalumab and bevacizumab, breastfeeding should be
discontinued if the mother is treated with study drugs.

Contacts and Locations
Contacts

Contact: Donna M Hrones, C.R.N.P. (240) 858-3155 donna.mabry@nih.gov

Locations

United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center
Bethesda

Sponsors and Collaborators

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Investigators

Principal Investigator: Tim F Greten, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)

More Information
  • Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  • ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03937830 History of Changes
  • Other Study ID Numbers: 190094, 19-C-0094
  • First Posted: May 6, 2019 Key Record Dates
  • Last Update Posted: October 13, 2020
  • Last Verified: September 2020
  • Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
  • Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
  • Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI): Immune Checkpoint Blockade
    Combined Treatment
    Immunotherapy
    Anti-Tumor Immunity
    Inhinition of the Blood Vessels Surrounding a Tumor
  • Additional relevant MeSH terms: Carcinoma Carcinoma, Hepatocellular