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Currently, you can access the following clinical trials being conducted worldwide:
Clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT03944993
Recruitment Status Recruiting
First Posted May 10, 2019
Last update posted December 2, 2019
The investigators are looking to determine the effects of PEMFs device on cerebral blood flow and cognition in healthy volunteers. Through in vitro tests and in vivo animal studies, the investigators have shown that at an extremely low flux density (strength) of 1 millitesla (mT) and with short exposures of 10 minutes a week, PEMFs can recapitulate many of the healthful benefits of exercise without imparting a mechanical stress on the tissues and cells. In the first-in-man study, 10 healthy volunteers were exposed to PEMFs for 6 weeks with 10 minutes of field exposure per week, and experienced an average increase of 30% in leg strength. No side effects were reported. In this study, the investigators aim to understand the cerebral effects of an exercise mimetic (PEMFs) via the muscle milieu.
Human and animal studies have reported the beneficial influence of exercise on cognitive and brain functions. Accordingly, exercise is drawing increasing research attention as a possible lifestyle factor for improving neurocognitive functions. Low frequency and low amplitude Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields (PEMFs) recapitulate many of the benefits of exercise by activating many of the same cellular second messenger cascades activated by mechanical input (exercise) yet, without imparting a physical stress on the cells. Through a series of in vitro and in vivo experiments the investigators have shown that at field strengths of 1-2 mT amplitude, the PEMF system stimulates muscle without physically stressing the tissues and delivers the following benefits: 1) slows muscle loss, 2) improves muscle strength and, 3) releases important regenerative and metabolism-enhancing agents. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is a relatively new optical imaging technology that uses light in the near-infrared spectrum to non-invasively monitor the haemodynamic responses evoked by neural activity through measuring the changes in oxyhaemoglobin (HbO) and deoxyhaemoglobin (HbR) concentrations in the cerebral cortex. The increased blood supply to the area of neural activation typically results in an increase in HbO concentration while a decrease is observed in HbR due to the blood's washout effect. The HbO and HbR responses from fNIRS measurements have been shown to be spatially and temporally correlated with the blood oxygen level-dependent signal obtained by fMRI. The advantage of fNIRS over other imaging modalities is that it is inexpensive, non-invasive, non-ionising and portable, making it a highly popular modality for implementing brain-computer interfaces. OBELAB NIRSIT is a commercially available, high-density fNIRS device that optically measures haemodynamic variations in the pre-frontal cortex (PFC). Low-frequency and low amplitude pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) recapitulate many of the healthful benefits of exercise by activating many of the same cellular second messenger cascades activated by mechanical input (exercise) yet, without imparting a physical stress on the cells. Response windows are a largely unrecognised rule in mechanobiological systems, whereby cells are most responsive to a given strain, duration and frequency of stimulation; greater strain of higher frequency and duration of stimulation is too much of a stress for cells and results in null responses. The investigators have shown that PEMFs likewise obey an electromagnetic window of efficacy with temporal and frequency dependencies of similar scale as those required for mechanical stimulation, further supporting the conclusion that PEMFs are activating cellular mechanotransduction pathways. At field strengths of 1-2 mT amplitude, the PEMF system stimulates muscle without physically stressing the tissues and aims to deliver the following benefits: 1) slows muscle loss; 2) improves muscle strength and; 3) releases important regenerative and metabolism-enhancing agents. Accordingly, this study will investigate the exercise mimetic effects of PEMFs on cerebral haemodynamics and cognitive performance via targeting muscle. The results of this study will support future work with patients with memory deficits, such as mild cognitive impairment, to possibly mitigate disease progression.
|Experimental: Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy (Dominant leg)
Active Pulsed Electromagnetic Field therapy; exposed once weekly for 10 minutes on dominant leg.
Device: Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields Therapy (Dominant leg)
Participants of this arm will be exposed to 10 minutes of Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields on their dominant leg once a week for a total of 6 weeks. A minimum of 5-day and maximum of 9-day interval between each treatment session shall be followed. The PEMF device produces pulsed magnetic fields at flux densities up to 1.5 mT peak.
|Experimental: Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy (Non-dominant leg)
Active Pulsed Electromagnetic Field therapy; exposed once weekly for 10 minutes on non-dominant leg.
Device: Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields Therapy (Non-dominant leg)
Participants of this arm will be exposed to 10 minutes of Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields on their non-dominant leg once a week for a total of 6 weeks. A minimum of 5-day and maximum of 9-day interval between each treatment session shall be followed. The PEMF device produces pulsed magnetic fields at flux densities up to 1.5 mT peak.
|Sham Comparator: Sham Therapy (Control)
Inactive Pulsed Electromagnetic Field therapy; exposed once weekly for 10 minutes.
Device: Sham Therapy (Control)
Participants of this arm will be not be exposed to the fields. Sham treatment will utilise the same PEMF apparatus for 10 minutes, but in non-operational mode, which is indistinguishable from when the apparatus is in operation. Duration of intervention is 6 weeks. A minimum of 5-day and maximum of 9-day interval between each treatment session shall be followed.
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, , Learn About Clinical Studies.-->
- Age between 21- 65 years
- Ability to provide informed consent
- Received any investigational drug or device within 30 days prior to study baseline
visit or is enrolled in another clinical trial
- History of cardiac, neurological, or rheumatic diseases
- History of malignancy within the past 5 years
- Undergone surgery of any type within the past 6 months
- Anticipated need for surgery of any type during the next 3 months
- Previous treatment with the study device
- Metal implants in the lower limb
- Existing or planned pregnancy
- Lactating women
- Leg circumference > 63 cm
- Colour vision deficiency
Contact: Rina M Selvan 66016143 firstname.lastname@example.org
Contact: Shi Jie Toh 66016143 email@example.com
National University Hospital
National University Hospital, Singapore
National University, Singapore
Principal Investigator: Alfredo Franco-Obregon National University, Singapore
Parate D, Franco-Obregón A, Fröhlich J, Beyer C, Abbas AA, Kamarul T, Hui JHP, Yang Z. Enhancement of mesenchymal stem cell chondrogenesis with short-term low intensity pulsed electromagnetic fields. Sci Rep. 2017 Aug 25;7(1):9421. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-09892-w.
Crocetti S, Beyer C, Schade G, Egli M, Fröhlich J, Franco-Obregón A. Low intensity and frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields selectively impair breast cancer cell viability. PLoS One. 2013 Sep 11;8(9):e72944. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0072944. eCollection 2013.